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冰川冻土 ›› 1985, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (1): 1-14.

• 研究论文 •    下一篇

土水势、未冻水含量和温度

徐敩祖1, J.L. 奥利奋特2, A.R. 泰斯2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院兰州冰川冻土研究所;
    2. 美国陆军部寒区研究和工程实验室
  • 收稿日期:1984-05-29 出版日期:1986-02-25 发布日期:2012-04-26

Soil-Water Potential and Unfrozen Water Content and Temperature

Xu Xiaozu1, J. L. Oliphant2, A. R. Tice2   

  1. 1. Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, Academia Sinica;
    2. U. S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory
  • Received:1984-05-29 Online:1986-02-25 Published:2012-04-26

摘要: 从热力学观点来看,土水体系中的水分迁移是由于该体系中的水处于不平衡状态引起的。这种不平衡状态是由许多力,包括物理、物理化学、力学和水分迁移期间产生的其它过程综合作用的结果。 除重力水之外,土中各种水都受到土矿物颗粒表面能的作用,或者说受到毛细力和吸附力的作用。

Abstract: Soil-water potential was determined by the extraction method and four factors affecting the soil-water potential, including water content, soil type, dry density and temperature, were investigated. The unfrozen water content of frozen soils was determined by the pulsed nuclear magnetic resonance technique and three factors affecting the unfrozen water content, including initial water content, dry density and salt concentration, were investigated. Results have shown that the soil-water potential in the unsaturated, unfrozen soils decreases both with the decrease in the water content and with the increase in the dispersion of the soil and increases with the increases in the dry density and temperature. The unfrozen water content of frozen soils changes slightly with the initial water content and the dry density within the range of 3% for the morin clay and increases sharply with the increase in the salt concentration. There is a good linear relationship between the unfrozen water content and the molality.It was found that the relationships between the soil-water potential and the water content, between the unfrozen water content and temperature and between the soil-water potential and temperature in frozen soils may be expressed in the power law form. Prediction of the unfrozen water content could be made by the measurements of the initial water content and its freezing point (two-point method) or by the measurement of the unfrozen water content only at the temperature of minus one degree centigrade (one-point) method. Errors between the observed and the predicted data for the two methods are, within the range of 3%.