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冰川冻土 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (1): 259-269.doi: 10.7522/j.isnn.1000-0240.2016.0029

• 寒旱区水文与水资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

河西内陆河地区径流模型概述

高黎明1,2,3, 张耀南1,2, 冯起1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院 寒区旱区环境与工程研究所, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    2. 甘肃省资源环境科学数据工程技术研究中心, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    3. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2015-10-29 修回日期:2015-12-05 出版日期:2016-02-25 发布日期:2016-05-30
  • 通讯作者: 张耀南,E-mail:yaonan@lzb.ac.cn. E-mail:yaonan@lzb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:高黎明(1986-),女,甘肃兰州人,2012年毕业于兰州大学,现为中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所在读博士研究生,从事水文模型方面的研究.E-mail:gaolm@lzb.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(91125005/D011004);国家基础科学人才培养基金项目(J0930003/J0109);"高寒环境联合监测研究云的建设与应用"项目(XXH12503-05-07)资助

Summarizing the runoff simulation models in Hexi inland river basins

GAO Liming1,2,3, ZHANG Yaonan1,2, FENG Qi1   

  1. 1. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. Gansu Data Engineering and Technology Research Center for Resources and Environment, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2015-10-29 Revised:2015-12-05 Online:2016-02-25 Published:2016-05-30

摘要: 径流模拟是河西内陆河地区水文研究中最基本、最重要的一个环节,也是研究其它水文问题的基础.目前广泛应用在河西地区的径流模拟模型大致分为系统理论模型、概念模型和分布式模型三类.但是这些模型各自有哪些特点,应用中应注意哪些问题,却缺少宏观的认识.总结了这三类模型在河西内流河区应用的代表性研究成果,并结合当前所应用模型存在的问题,探讨了研究区未来水文模型可能的发展方向.

关键词: 水文模型, 河西内陆河流域, 研究进展

Abstract: Runoff simulation is one of the most basic and important step of hydrological research in Hexi inland river basins, and also the basis for studying other hydrological problems. The current models used widely in Hexi inland river basins can be divided into system theory models, conceptual models and distributed models. But it is still lack of understanding about what are these models' characteristics and the problems which should be paid attention to in the application. In this paper, the representative research results of the application of the three kinds of models in Hexi inland areas are summarized. Considering the problems in the current models, the possible development direction of the future hydrological simulation is discussed in the study area.

Key words: hydrological modeling, Hexi inland river basin, progress of the research

中图分类号: 

  • P333