X img

官方微信

img

群号:冰川冻土交流群

QQ群:218834310

高级检索

冰川冻土 ›› 2013, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): 148-155.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2013.0017

• 寒旱区水文与水资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

黑河流域不同生境植物水分来源及环境指示意义

曾巧, 马剑英   

  1. 中国科学院 寒区旱区环境与工程研究所, 甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2012-08-11 修回日期:2012-12-28 出版日期:2013-02-25 发布日期:2013-07-22
  • 通讯作者: 马剑英,E-mail:jyma@lzb.ac.cn E-mail:jyma@lzb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:曾巧(1987-),女,湖南洪江人,2009年毕业于湖北大学,现为中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所在读硕士研究生,主要从事植物生理生态及干旱环境变化研究.E-mail:zengqiao712@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目(2009CB421306); 国家自然科学基金项目(41071032); 中国科学院"西部之光"人才培养计划项目(2009); 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所人才基金项目(2011)资助

Plant Water Sources of Different Habitats and Its Environmental Indication in Heihe River Basin

ZENG Qiao, MA Jian-ying   

  1. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China
  • Received:2012-08-11 Revised:2012-12-28 Online:2013-02-25 Published:2013-07-22

摘要:

选择黑河流域三种典型生境类型(绿洲、 绿洲-荒漠过渡带、 荒漠), 通过分析其不同植物木质部水分与其土壤潜在水源稳定氢(δD)和氧(δ18O)同位素组成, 研究了不同生境中植物的水分来源情况. 结果表明: 荒漠生境中植物倾向于利用深层土壤水(>160 cm); 绿洲-荒漠过渡带中沙蒿和沙拐枣主要利用20~40 cm层位的土壤水, 梭梭可能的利用层位是60~80 cm, 花棒可能利用100 cm左右的水分, 柽柳则利用120 cm以下的土壤水; 绿洲植物吸水层位多集中在0~100 cm, 其中, 假苇拂子茅可能水源是20 cm左右的土壤水, 玉米则为20~40 cm, 柽柳和杨树的吸水层位为60 cm左右, 棉花则是利用80 cm左右的水分. 稳定性同位素估测各生境植物水分来源的结果与其土壤含水量的结果一致, 同一生境中吸水层位相似的植物间存在水分来源竞争. 不同生境中植物水分来源的深浅存在递变, 从深到浅表现为荒漠>过渡带>绿洲, 不同生境同种植物也存在同样变化, 说明植物稳定氢氧同位素组成可以用来指示干旱区绿洲化、 荒漠化过程.

关键词: 黑河流域, 植物水分来源, 稳定氢氧同位素, 绿洲化, 荒漠化

Abstract:

Stable hydrogen and oxygen isotopes (δD and δ18O) of plant stem water and potential water sources were analyzed to investigate the water sources of different plant species in three typical habitats (oasis, oasis-desert transitional zone and desert) in the Heihe River basin. It is found that plants in the desert habitat absorb water mostly from deeper soil (>160 cm). In the oasis-desert transitional zone, Artemisia arenaria and Calligonum mongolicum are likely absorb water mainly from the soil about 20~40 cm in depth, Haloxylon ammodendron absorbs water primarily from 60~80 cm in depth, Hedysarum scoparium may absorb water from soil about 100 cm in depth and Tamarix ramosissima obtain water from deeper soil (>120 cm). Plants in the oasis habitat absorb soil water mainly from 0 to 100 cm deep. Calamagrostis pseudophragmites absorbs water about 20 cm in depth, Zea mays extracts soil water from the depth of 20~40 cm, Tamarix ramosissima and Populus simonii absorb soil water about 60 cm deep and Gossypium hirsutum absorbs water from soil about 80 cm in depth. Plant water sources in the three studied habitats are coincidence with soil water content. It is believed that water competition may exist among plant species which absorb water from similar soil depth. The depth of plant water sources of different habitats is gradually changed in the order from deep to shallow: desert, oasis-desert transitional zone and oasis. This order also exists in different habitats for the same plant species. It is illustrated that plant stable hydrogen and oxygen isotope composition can be used to indicate the processes of oasisization and desertification in arid regions.

Key words: Heihe River basin, plant water sources, stable hydrogen and oxygen isotopes, oasisization, desertification

中图分类号: 

  • S152.7+5