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冰川冻土 ›› 2013, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 420-429.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2013.0050

• 寒旱区水文水资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

黑河流域水文信息系统设计与实现

年雁云1,2, 李新1, 周剑1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院 寒区旱区环境与工程研究所, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    2. 兰州大学 资源环境学院, 甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2012-09-06 修回日期:2012-12-21 出版日期:2013-04-25 发布日期:2013-05-14
  • 通讯作者: 李新,E-mail:lixin@lzb.ac.cn E-mail:lixin@lzb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:年雁云(1979-), 男, 甘肃临夏人, 讲师, 2005年在兰州大学获硕士学位, 现为在职博士研究生, 主要从事遥感和GIS在水文水资源的应用研究. E-mail:yynian@lzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家杰出青年科学基金项目(40925004); 国家自然科学基金重点项目(91025001); 兰州大学中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(lzujbky-2011-131)资助

Hydrological Information System of the Heihe River Basin: Design and Implementation

NIAN Yan-yun1,2, LI Xin1, ZHOU Jian1   

  1. 1. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou Gansu730000, China;
    2. College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China
  • Received:2012-09-06 Revised:2012-12-21 Online:2013-04-25 Published:2013-05-14

摘要:

水文数据建模和数据共享是流域科学研究的重点工作, 也是"数字流域"研究的基础.目前集成观测数据和环境信息的流域信息基础设施已经成为"数字地球"技术在流域科学方面的重要应用.以水文数据模型和"协同促进水文科学发展大学联盟"水文信息系统(CUAHSI-HIS)为原型, 设计一个适合于黑河流域的集流域地理数据库、 观测系统数据库和数据共享发布系统于一体的流域水文信息系统.系统实现集成各种观测数据类型、 数据来源及观测数据的流域观测数据库, 通过统一地表和地下水的通用数据模型实现流域地表水和地下水信息的一体化存储管理, 同时存储、 组织和在线共享发布流域相关的观测数据和空间数据, 为流域科学研究提供在线生态环境数据的网络服务以及相应的流域观测数据服务, 有效的推动流域科学计划的研究.

关键词: Arc Hydro, 数字流域, 水文信息系统, 观测数据模型, 数据共享, 黑河流域

Abstract:

The hydrological data modeling and data sharing are the research focus of watershed science and also the basis of Digital Watershed. Analyzing the domestic and international studies, one can see that watershed information infrastructure integrating observational data and environmental information has become an important application of watershed science on Digital Earth. The hydrological information system of the Heihe River Basin is from the prototype of Arc Hydro model and CUAHSI's Hydrologic Information System, which was designed for a suitable set of the hydrological information system integrating watershed geodatabase, observing system database and data sharing publication system, to achieve the integration of various types of observational data, data sources and observational data in a watershed observation database. Through unified common data model, the surface water and groundwater information are integrated. This system may realize the function of storage, organization and online publication of the watershed relating observed data and spatial data, providing ecological environment online data services as well as the corresponding watershed observational data services for watershed science research and promoting the study of watershed science program.

Key words: Arc Hydro, digital watershed, hydrological information system, observational data model, data sharing, Heihe River Basin

中图分类号: 

  • TP392