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冰川冻土 ›› 2013, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (4): 929-937.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2013.0105

• 寒旱区水文水资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

北麓河流域多年冻土区退化草甸的土壤水文特征分析

文晶1, 王一博1,2, 高泽永1, 刘国华1   

  1. 1. 兰州大学 资源环境学院, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    2. 中国科学院 寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 冻土工程国家重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2013-01-15 修回日期:2013-04-20 出版日期:2013-08-25 发布日期:2013-09-11
  • 作者简介:文晶(1989-),男,湖北仙桃人,2010年毕业于中国农业大学,现为在读硕士研究生,主要从事土壤水文方面的研究.E-mail:wenjingtmac@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目(2012CB026101);国家自然科学基金项目(41271092);冻土工程国家重点实验室开放基金项目(SKLFSE201109)资助

Soil Hydrological Characteristics of the Degrading Meadow in Permafrost Regions in the Beiluhe River Basin

WEN Jing1, WANG Yi-bo1,2, GAO Ze-yong1, LIU Guo-hua1   

  1. 1. College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Engineering, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China
  • Received:2013-01-15 Revised:2013-04-20 Online:2013-08-25 Published:2013-09-11
  • Contact: 王一博,E-mail:yibo_wang@163.com E-mail:yibo_wang@163.com

摘要: 选取长江源北麓河地区受冻融作用影响而严重退化的高寒草甸典型区域进行取样, 通过实验和模拟等方法, 对该区域内不同深度土层的土壤特征曲线、土壤饱和导水率、土壤粒径、容重和总孔隙度进行了研究和分析.结果表明: 土壤的水分特征曲线由Gardner等与van Genuchten提出的幂函数方程拟合效果良好, 0.1 MPa为土壤水分特征曲线的临界值. 0~5 cm表层土壤的持水能力最小, 20~30 cm土壤的持水能力最大. 0~5 cm表层土壤供水能力最小, 15~30 cm土层的供水性能最好, 适合植被根系的生长.土壤的饱和导水率随着深度的增加而减小.

关键词: 多年冻土区, 退化草甸, 土壤水文特征

Abstract: The research is carried out in Beiluhe River basin on the Tibetan Plateau, which is in the source regions of the Yangtze River, where degrading meadows are severely affected by the freezing and thawing, with the methods of choosing typical areas and quadrats to do experiment and simulation, and then studying the soil water characteristics, soil saturated hydraulic conductivities, soil particle size fractionation, soil bulk density and other soil porosities at different depths. The results show that the power function equation proposed by Gardner et al. and van Genuchten has a good simulation function to the soil moisture characteristics;there is a critical value of the soil moisture, 0.1 MPa. It is found that the water-retention capacity of the soil at the depth of 0~5 cm is the minimum, and that at the depth of 20~30 cm is the maximum. It is indicated that the soil at the depth of 0~5 cm has the poorest capacity of water supplying. The soil at the depth of 15~30 cm shows the greatest water supplying capacity, which is the optimum soil layer for the growth and development of plant roots. It is also found that the soil saturated hydraulic conductivity decreases with depth.

Key words: permafrost regions, degrading meadow, soil hydrological characteristics

中图分类号: 

  • S152.7