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冰川冻土 ›› 2013, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (5): 1276-1282.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2013.0144

• 寒旱区水文水资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于模糊综合评判的高原盆地城市水源地脆弱性评价

史正涛1, 曾建军1, 刘新有2, 黄英3, 王杰3   

  1. 1. 云南师范大学 旅游与地理科学学院, 云南 昆明 650500;
    2. 云南省水文水资源局, 云南 昆明 650106;
    3. 云南省水利水电科学研究院, 云南 昆明 650228
  • 收稿日期:2013-01-18 修回日期:2013-05-26 出版日期:2013-10-25 发布日期:2013-11-07
  • 作者简介:史正涛(1964-),男,甘肃宁县人,教授,2002年在兰州大学获博士学位,现主要从事水资源及地理环境研究.E-mail:shizhengtao@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    水利部公益性行业项目(201001058)资助

Vulnerability Assessment on Urban Water Sources Area in a Plateau Basin Based on Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method

SHI Zheng-tao1, ZENG Jian-jun1, LIU Xin-you2, HUANG Ying3, WANG Jie3   

  1. 1. College of Tourism and Geographical Sciences, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming Yunnan 650500, China;
    2. Yunnan Hydrology and Water Resources Bureau, Kunming Yunnan 650106, China;
    3. Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research of Yunnan Province, Kunming Yunnan 650228, China
  • Received:2013-01-18 Revised:2013-05-26 Online:2013-10-25 Published:2013-11-07

摘要: 根据高原盆地城市水源地脆弱性内涵, 评价指标可量化性及不同水源地之间可比性, 选取了水源地水文气象、生态环境、水源污染和地表扰动状况4个方面14个指标, 构建了高原盆地城市水源地脆弱性指标体系.基于高原盆地城市水源地复杂性和指标评价标准界线的模糊性, 采用层次分析法确定指标权重, 应用模糊综合评判法建立评价模型, 运用所建立的评价模型对昆明市松华坝水源地脆弱性进行了评价.结果表明, 昆明市松华坝水源地为中度脆弱. 其中, 水文气象因子、水源污染因子处于中度脆弱状态, 生态环境因子处于轻度脆弱状态, 地表扰动因子介于轻度脆弱与中度脆弱状态之间.

关键词: 高原盆地城市水源地, 脆弱性, 模糊综合评判法, 指标体系, 松华坝水源地

Abstract: According to the vulnerability of water sources area in a plateau basin, a vulnerability indices system is built by choosing four aspects, including 14 representative indices, such as hydrologic meteorology of the water sources area, ecological environment, water source pollution and the situation of the earth's surface disturbance. Based on the complexity of urban water sources and the ambiguity of index evaluation criteria, an analysis model is built by using analytical hierarchy process to determine the weight, as well as principal component analysis. The model is used to assess the vulnerability of Songhuaba water sources of Kunming. It is found that the water sources are of moderate vulnerability. Wherein, the factor of hydrologic meteorology and water source pollution are of moderate vulnerability. Ecological environment are of mild vulnerability. Surface disturbance is in a stage between mild and moderate vulnerability.

Key words: urban water sources area in a plateau basin, vulnerability, fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method, index system, Songhuaba water sources

中图分类号: 

  • TV213