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冰川冻土 ›› 2014, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 296-303.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2014.0036

• 冰冻圈与全球变化 • 上一篇    下一篇


贾翔, 陈蜀江, 黄铁成, 黄佛君, 赵彩凤, 李琪, 梁艳, 党洁   

  1. 新疆师范大学 地理科学与旅游学院, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830054
  • 收稿日期:2013-09-02 修回日期:2014-01-12 出版日期:2014-04-25 发布日期:2014-05-20
  • 作者简介:贾翔(1988-),男,河南南阳人,2012年毕业于河南农业大学,现为新疆师范大学硕士研究生,主要从事遥感与地理信息系统研究. E-mail:jiaxiang19891204@126.com
  • 基金资助:

Variability of snow cover in the mountain region of the Yarkant River basin analyzed with MODIS data

JIA Xiang, CHEN Shujiang, HUANG Tiecheng, HUANG Fojun, ZHAO Caifeng, LI Qi, LIANG Yan, DANG Jie   

  1. College of Geography Science and Tourism, Xinjiang Normal University, Vrümqi 830054, China
  • Received:2013-09-02 Revised:2014-01-12 Online:2014-04-25 Published:2014-05-20
  • Contact: 陈蜀江,E-mail:shujiang_chen@hotmail.com E-mail:shujiang_chen@hotmail.com

摘要: 科学监测新疆叶尔羌河流域山区积雪面积及其变化特征对该区域的气候研究、雪水资源开发利用、环境灾害预报和生态环境保护等方面有重要意义. 利用2000-2012年近13 a的MOD10A2积雪产品提取研究区域内积雪,结合DEM数据分析研究区内积雪面积的动态变化特征. 结果显示:新疆叶尔羌河流域山区的积雪面积的年际变化幅度较大,其中,2005年和2009年积雪面积较大,2007年则为典型少雪年;年内变化差异显著,总体上呈现“M”型的特点,12月和3月处于高位,2月和8月处于低谷. 叶尔羌河流域山区积雪覆盖率随着海拔的上升逐渐增大,稳定积雪主要分布在海拔5 000 m以上的地区;不同坡向的积雪覆盖率差异比较明显,西北坡、东坡、东北坡的积雪覆盖率比北坡、东南坡、西坡、南坡的积雪覆盖率高,西北坡高达52.8%,南坡仅为20%. 叶尔羌河流域山区的积雪面积与气温呈负相关,与降水量呈正相关,积雪面积变化对气温因素更为敏感.

关键词: 叶尔羌河流域山区, 积雪面积, MODIS, 坡向, 变化

Abstract: To monitor scientifically the snow cover in the mountain region of the Yarkant River basin has important significance for researching climate, development and utilization of snow meltwater, forecast of natural disasters and ecological protection. In combination of DEM data, the dynamic changing features of snow cover were analyzed by snow cover area(SCA)extracted from the snow products of MOD10A2 between 2000 and 2012. The results are as follows: (1) The annual change of SCA in the mountains was large, with large area in 2005 and 2009 but small area in 2007; the monthly change of SCA in the mountains was significantly different too, high in December and March but low in February and August.(2) The coverage of snow increased gradually with altitude, with a stable snow cover range above the altitude of 5 000 meters; the snow cover ratio changed with slopes; the snow coverage was higher in northwest, east and northeast slopes than that in the north, southeast, west and south slopes, e.g., on the northwest slope it was 52.8% but on the south slop it was 20%; (3) The snow coverage, which was sensitive to climatic factors, positively related to air temperature and negatively related to precipitation.

Key words: mountain region of the Yarkant River basin, snow cover area, MODIS, aspect, change


  • P426.63+3