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冰川冻土 ›› 2014, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 469-478.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2014.0057

• 生态经济与可持续发展 • 上一篇    

青海湖流域人类福祉认知及综合评价

蔡国英1, 尹小娟1, 赵继荣2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院 寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 内陆河流域生态水文重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    2. 兰州文理学院, 甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2013-09-11 修回日期:2013-12-09 出版日期:2014-04-25 发布日期:2014-05-20
  • 作者简介:蔡国英(1978-),女,甘肃白银人,2006年在兰州大学获硕士学位,现为中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所在读博士研究生,主要从事生态经济学研究. E-mail:caigy1121@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(91125019)资助

Recognition and comprehensive evaluation of human well-being in Qinghai Lake basin

CAI Guoying1, YIN Xiaojuan1, ZHAO Jirong2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Ecohydrology of Inland River Basin, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. Lanzhou University of Arts and Science, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2013-09-11 Revised:2013-12-09 Online:2014-04-25 Published:2014-05-20

摘要: 千年生态系统评估(MA)是全球范围内第一个针对人类福祉与生态系统之间的联系,通过整合各种资源,构建多尺度、综合评估各个组分之间相互关系的重大项目. 以MA框架中对人类福祉的定义为依据,通过参与式农户评估,初步探讨了青海湖流域居民对日常生活满意度的认知,采用多指标评估法综合评估了青海湖流域的人类福祉水平. 结果表明:受年龄、性别、受教育程度等因素的影响,环湖居民对日常生活中的衣、食、住、行、收入等方面的认知程度差别明显;总体来看,青海湖流域人类福祉综合分值仅为0.454,收入状况和食物安全是其最主要的影响因素,对人类福祉的贡献值分别为0.074和0.147;分县域而言,共和县人类福祉得分最高,为0.483,海晏县略低,其次是天峻县,刚察县得分最低,仅为0.448. 收入状况和食物安全也是制约分县域居民福祉的关键因素. 因此,改善青海湖流域居民家庭层面的物质资产是提高其福祉的有效途径.

关键词: 青海湖流域, 人类福祉, 多指标评价

Abstract: Millennium ecosystem assessment (MA) is the first international work program designed to assess the interactions between ecosystems and human well-being based on the information from all sources and to establish an analytical approach to conduct multi-scale and integrated assessments. In this paper, based on the definition of human well-being in the MA framework, the recognition of daily life satisfaction and the comprehensive multi-indexes evaluation of human well-being are applied to the local people living in Qinghai Lake basin. Data were collected by a questionnaire survey in conjunction with the participatory rural appraisal (PRA) method. It is found that the recognition of local people's daily life (such as clothing, food, housing and income) in the study area were obvious differences, dependent on age, sexuality, level of education and so on. Based on the multi-index evaluation method consisting of material indicators and subjective satisfaction, the status and spatial difference in human well-being were analyzed. On the whole, the human well-being score in Qinghai Lake basin was only 0.454, income and food security were the most important factors from the local people's view, with the contribution values as high as 0.074 and 0.147. On the sub-regional perspective, the human well-being score of Gonghe County was the highest, followed by Haiyan County, Tianjun County. The human well-being of Gangcha County had the lowest score, only 0.448. In summary, increasing income and ensuring food safety are the effective way for improving the human well-being in Qinghai Lake basin.

Key words: Qinghai Lake basin, human well-being, multi-index evaluation

中图分类号: 

  • F062.2