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冰川冻土 ›› 2014, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 717-723.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2014.0086

• 寒旱区水文水资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

新疆吐鲁番盆地地表径流特征

阿不力米提·阿不力克木1, 周京武2   

  1. 1. 新疆吐鲁番水文水资源勘测局, 新疆 吐鲁番 838000;
    2. 新疆巴州水文水资源勘测局, 新疆 库尔勒 842000
  • 收稿日期:2014-01-10 修回日期:2014-03-20 出版日期:2014-06-25 发布日期:2014-07-16
  • 作者简介:阿不力米提·阿不力克木(1968-),男,维吾尔族,新疆托克逊人,1992年毕业于新疆大学,现主要从事水文水资源研究和评价工作.E-mail:1481849476@qq.com;tlfsqk@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271083;41201062;41271035)资助

Surface discharge characteristics of the Turpan Basin, Xinjiang

Abulimiti Ablikim1, ZHOU Jingwu2   

  1. 1. Turpan Hydrology and Water Resources Reconnaissance Bureau, Turpan 838000, Xinjiang, China;
    2. Bayingolin Hydrology and Water Resources Reconnaissance Bureau, Korla 842000, Xinjiang, China
  • Received:2014-01-10 Revised:2014-03-20 Online:2014-06-25 Published:2014-07-16

摘要: 吐鲁番盆地是新疆水资源严重匮乏的地区之一,水资源“先天不足”, 水资源紧缺已成为经济发展的瓶颈. 吐鲁番盆地地表径流主要形成在盆地北部、西部中高山区,最终流入到吐鲁番盆地西南部的艾丁湖. 吐鲁番盆地中、高山区是径流的主要形成区,山前倾斜平原区为径流的转换区,下游绿洲为径流的主要散失区. 地表径流的具有垂直地带性分布规律,表现在径流深随着高程的增加而增加,径流系数随流域高程的增加而递增. 吐鲁番地区的河流径流量年内分配变化较大、极不均匀,主要河流补给源是降雨、冰川融水、融雪水及地下水,降雨和融雪水所占比例大,导致夏季河流径流量集中. 吐鲁番盆地天然地表总径流量为10.619×108 m3,其中,不可能被利用水资源量为0.8984×108 m3,不可以被利用地表水资源量为1.392×108 m3,可利用量为8.328×108 m3.

关键词: 径流特征, 水资源量, 冰雪补给, 吐鲁番盆地

Abstract: Turpan Basin is one of the serious shortages of water resources in Xinjiang region, water shortage has become a bottleneck for economic development in Turpan region. Surface discharge formed mainly in the northern and western high mountains of the Turpan Basin, eventually flowing into the Aiding Lake of southwest Turpan Basin. In Turpan Basin, the high mountains are the main runoff form zone, piedmont plain area for the runoff transfer zone, and downstream oasis is a major runoff loss areas. Runoff performances with vertical zonal distribution, the runoff increases with increasing elevation, runoff coefficient with increasing elevation is incremented in watershed. River runoff in Turpan area allocation changes during the year is very uneven. The main recharge sources of rivers are rainfall、glaciers melting, snowmelt and groundwater. The larger proportion of rainfall and snowmelt lead to summer runoff concentration. In Turpan Basin, total natural surface discharge is 10.619×108 m3, which cannot be utilized water resources as 0.8984×108 m3, surface water resources cannot be utilized amount of 1.392×108 m3, available capacity of 8.328×108 m3.

Key words: discharge characteristics, total natural surface discharge, glacier and snow melting recharge, Turpan Basin

中图分类号: 

  • P343