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冰川冻土 ›› 2014, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 751-758.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2014.0090

• 生态经济与可持续发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

湖南娄底市旅游生态足迹趋势分析

刘辛田1,2, 高玉泉2, 刘加林1,2   

  1. 1. 湖南人文科技学院 经济与管理系, 湖南 娄底 417000;
    2. 湖南人文科技学院 区域经济研究所, 湖南 娄底 417000
  • 收稿日期:2013-12-06 修回日期:2014-02-18 出版日期:2014-06-25 发布日期:2014-07-16
  • 作者简介:刘辛田(1971-),男,湖南冷水江人,副教授,2003年在湖南师范大学获硕士学位,现主要从事旅游环境与生态承载力研究.E-mail:liuxintian5220@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    湖南社科基金资助项目(2010YBB178)资助

Trend analysis of tourism ecological footprint in Loudi City, Hunan Province

LIU Xintian1,2, GAO Yuquan2, LIU Jialin1,2   

  1. 1. Department of Economy and Management, Hunan University of Humanities, Science and Technology, Loudi 417000, Hunan, China;
    2. Regional Economic Research Institute, Hunan University of Humanities, Science and Technology, Loudi 417000, Hunan, China
  • Received:2013-12-06 Revised:2014-02-18 Online:2014-06-25 Published:2014-07-16

摘要: 生态足迹分析方法是近年发展起来的一种用生产性土地面积来定量衡量人类对自然资源利用程度和可持续发展能力的新方法. 旅游业对生态环境的影响程度和可持续发展能力可以用旅游生态足迹定量反映出来. 以生态足迹理论为基础,以湖南娄底市为实证对象,对2005-2012年旅游生态足迹、旅游生态承载力变化趋势进行分析. 结果表明:2005-2012年娄底市旅游生态足迹和旅游生态承载力都逐年增加,但二者增幅差异大,2010年是旅游生态盈余转为生态赤字的拐点,当前娄底市旅游发展以生态环境的退化为代价,是一种不可持续的旅游发展状态. 从旅游消费结构看,娄底市旅游生态足迹的7项分足迹中,以交通和餐饮生态足迹相对较大,而住宿、游览、娱乐、购物和废弃物排放产生的生态足迹相对较小. 实现娄底市旅游可持续发展对策:发展低碳旅游,提高资源利用率,合理控制旅游生态足迹的需求;保护旅游生态环境,提高旅游生态承载力;加强旅游生态安全控制,建立生态补偿机制.

关键词: 旅游生态足迹, 可持续发展, 湖南娄底市

Abstract: Ecological footprint analysis is a new method developed in recent years, which can quantitatively measure the natural resources utilization degree and sustainable development ability. The influence of tourism on the ecological environment and sustainable development ability can be reflected quantitatively through tourism ecological footprint. In this study, based on ecological footprint theory, taking Loudi City of Hunan Province as an object, the change trend of tourism ecological footprint and tourism ecological capacity from 2005 to 2012 is analyzed. It is found that in Loudi City tourism ecological footprint and ecological capacity had increased from 2005 to 2012, but there were large differences in growing rate, with a tourism ecological surplus turning into tourism ecological deficit in 2010. At present, tourism develops with an expense of the ecological environment degradation, which is an unsustainable development for the city. In the aspect of tourism consumption structure, tourism ecological footprint in the city can be divided into seven single ecological footprints, of which transportation and catering ecological footprints are relatively large; the ecological footprints from accommodation, sightseeing, shopping, entertainment and waste discharge are relatively small. To realize the sustainable development of tourism in Loudi City, it is necessary to develop low carbon tourism, to improve resource utilization, to control reasonably tourism ecological footprint demand, to protect ecological environment of tourism, to improve the tourism ecological capacity, to strengthen the control of tourism ecological security, and to establish ecological compensation mechanism.

Key words: tourism ecological footprint, sustainable development, Loudi City of Hunan Province

中图分类号: 

  • F062.2