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冰川冻土 ›› 2014, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 759-766.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2014.0091

• 生态经济与可持续发展 • 上一篇    

湿地生态系统服务估值研究进展

尹小娟, 宋晓谕, 蔡国英   

  1. 中国科学院 寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 内陆河流域生态水文重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2013-12-09 修回日期:2014-03-11 出版日期:2014-06-25 发布日期:2014-07-16
  • 作者简介:尹小娟(1986-),女,甘肃兰州人,2011年在西北师范大学获硕士学位,现为中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所在读博士研究生,主要从事生态经济学研究.E-mail:yin_86520@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重大研究计划重点项目(91125019)资助

Valuation of wetland ecosystem services: Progress and perspectives

YIN Xiaojuan, SONG Xiaoyu, CAI Guoying   

  1. Key Laboratory of Ecohydrology and Integrated River Basin Science, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2013-12-09 Revised:2014-03-11 Online:2014-06-25 Published:2014-07-16

摘要: 湿地生态系统服务价值评估是湿地研究的核心内容之一,科学合理的估值有利于湿地资源的开发利用和保护. 在简要介绍湿地及其生态系统服务定义和特征的基础上,提出现有湿地生态系统服务价值评估的框架,并对单项服务价值评估的主要方法进行了回顾和总结. 通过分析发现,现有研究中存在研究对象不明确、忽视研究背景、研究方法割裂联系、数据获取困难等问题,针对上述4个方面讨论了湿地生态系统服务价值评估的研究趋势. 评述结果旨在梳理湿地生态系统服务及其价值评估的知识体系,为相关研究提供理论借鉴与指导.

关键词: 湿地, 生态系统服务, 价值评估, 研究进展

Abstract: As a form of natural assets, wetland ecosystem generate multiple ecosystem services that contribute to human welfare. However, along with urbanization and development of economy, excessive exploitation and usage have caused potential imbalance with undesirable consequences. Ecosystem services of wetland have been declined rapidly. In order to prevent the trend of wetland degenerate, the whole society should realize the huge beneficial of ecosystem services and recognize values of wetland assets. In this context, valuation of wetland ecosystem services is one of the most important issues in the study of wetland, and scientific evaluation is instrumental in determining whether wetland environments should be protected or restored as natural capital. In this paper, different definitions and characteristics of wetland were first introduced, then the biological, chemical, and physical processes of wetland were discussed. Based on an overview of the wide range of literatures, a framework of wetland ecosystem services valuation was proposed and the main valuing methods are illustrated, which include the outcome parameter method, market-based approach, surrogate market approach and simulated market. After that, different approaches for economic valuation of main ecosystem services of wetland are suggested, and some problems are found, which involve in valuing wetland ecosystem services: (1) The object is not clear; (2) Ignore the research background; (3) Methods of classify and sum dissever the relations among ecosystem services; (4) Data acquisition is difficult. In the end, it is looked forwards that researches of wetland ecosystem services valuation will need to define the object scientifically, take the background and purpose into account, and establish evaluation criteria and a data network platform, together with more inter-disciplinary research collaboration. The aim of this paper is sorting out the research systems of economic valuation of wetland ecosystem services and providing reference to correlative works.

Key words: wetlands, ecosystem services, economic valuation, research progress

中图分类号: 

  • F062.2