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冰川冻土 ›› 2014, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (5): 1280-1287.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2014.0153

• 寒旱区水文水资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

内陆河流域生态-水文本体的构建方法及应用

王蔚华1,2, 邹松兵1, 肖洪浪1, 尹振良1, 陆志翔1,2, 刘时银1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院 寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 内陆河流域生态水文重点实验室/甘肃省黑河生态水文与流域科学重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-14 修回日期:2014-06-09 出版日期:2014-10-25 发布日期:2014-11-19
  • 通讯作者: 邹松兵, E-mail:zousongbing@lzb.ac.cn E-mail:zousongbing@lzb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:王蔚华(1987-), 女, 甘肃白银人, 2011年毕业于兰州大学, 现为中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所在读硕士研究生, 主要从事生态水文方面的研究. E-mail:wangweihuahua2007@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41240002;91225301);国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAC19B07)资助

Eco-hydrological ontology in inland river basin: Construction method and application

WANG Weihua1,2, ZOU Songbing1, XIAO Honglang1, YIN Zhenliang1, LU Zhixiang1,2, LIU Shiyin1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Ecohydrology of Inland River Basin, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences/Heihe Key Laboratory of Ecohydrology and Integrated River Basin Science, Gansu Province, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2014-03-14 Revised:2014-06-09 Online:2014-10-25 Published:2014-11-19

摘要:

大于10×104 km2的大尺度流域建模面临诸多挑战, 在过程理解、数学表达、尺度转化、生态与水文过程的耦合机制等方面尚存在瓶颈. 基于本体的建模方法, 依据本体表示的多级过程, 将已有模型拆分成组件, 用户根据需求添加组件得到定制模型, 通过语义重组与技术创新, 为大尺度流域模型集成提供新的思路. 以黑河流域生态水文研究为范例, 在解释生态水文本体内涵、分析现有本体构建方法的基础上, 提出“基于知识的生态-水文本体构建方法”, 通过荒漠生态系统生态-水文本体的构建, 证明了该方法的有效性与可行性.

关键词: 内陆河流域, 生态-水文, 本体, 构建, 荒漠生态系统

Abstract:

Large-scale (>10×104 km2) watershed modeling is facing many challenges at present. There are bottlenecks in the understanding and mathematical expression of the process, the scale transformation and the coupling mechanism of eco-hydrological processes. The modeling method based on ontology may spli the existing model into components according to multistage process represented by ontology. Then it is able to add component and to get custom model based on demand. Through semantic recombination and technological innovation, a new method is provided for large-scale river model integration. In this paper, the eco-hydrology in the Heihe River basin is taken as an example. After explaining the connotation of eco-hydrological ontology and analyzing the existing ontology building methods, the eco-hydrological ontology construction method is put forward based on knowledge, which is proved to be effective and feasible through constructing an ontology of desert ecosystem.

Key words: inland river basin, eco-hydrology, ontology, construction, desert ecosystem

中图分类号: 

  • P333.9