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冰川冻土 ›› 2014, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (6): 1591-1598.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2014.0190

• 生态经济与可持续发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

多种生态补偿方案下流域农户生计的响应机制

苏芳   

  1. 兰州理工大学 经济管理学院, 甘肃 兰州 730050
  • 收稿日期:2014-04-30 修回日期:2014-09-22 发布日期:2015-01-20
  • 作者简介:苏芳(1981-),女,甘肃兰州人,副教授,2009年在中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所获博士学位,现主要从事区域经济与生态经济研究.E-mail:sofineyy@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41401653); 甘肃省哲学社会科学基金项目(14YN047); 兰州理工大学红柳青年教师培养计划项目(Q201306); 甘肃高等学校基本科研业务费项目"基于可持续生计的生态补偿方案有效性评估及优化"资助

Respond mechanisms of the livelihood of the peasant households in a river basin under various ecological compensation patterns

SU Fang   

  1. Institute of Economic and Management, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China
  • Received:2014-04-30 Revised:2014-09-22 Published:2015-01-20

摘要: 通过对不同生态补偿方式的对比分析, 可知生态补偿能够在一定程度上提升农户的生活水平, 促进农户五种生计资本的合理均衡分布. 而资金支持的补偿方式对于农户生活的提升最为有效, 技术支持的补偿方式对促进农户生计资本的合理分布更为有效. 从对农户人力资本的影响来看, 政府可以通过对农户给予资金支持, 从而有效促进农户人力资本的提高; 从对农户物质资本的影响来看, 政府可以通过对农户给予技术支持, 从而有效促进农户物质资本的提高; 从对农户金融资本的影响来看, 政府可以通过对农户给予资金和技术支持, 从而有效促进农户金融资本的提高, 弥补农户由于实施生态补偿后所损失的利益, 提高农户的生计水平.

关键词: 生计资本, 情景分析, 流域, 生态补偿

Abstract: In this paper, the different ecological compensation patterns are analyzed. It is understood that ecological compensation would enhance the living standards of peasant households to some extent, promote the reasonable and balanced distribution of peasant household's five livelihood capitals. And compensation of financial support is most effective to enhance life of peasant households; compensation of technical support is most effective to promote the balance of peasant households: viewing from the impact of human capital on farmers, the government could give financial support to the peasant households in order to effectively promote the peasant households to improve human capital; viewing from physical capital effect to farmers, the government could give technical support to farmers, in order to effectively promote the peasant households to improve physical capital; look at the impact of the financial capital to the peasant households, the government could give financial and technical supports to the peasant households, so as to effectively promote the improvement of household finance capital, make up for the peasant household's loss in the implementation of ecological compensation.

Key words: livelihood capital, situational analysis, river basin, ecological compensation

中图分类号: 

  • F062.2