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冰川冻土 ›› 2015, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (1): 202-210.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2015.0023

• 寒区科学与技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

粗颗粒土冻胀特性和防治措施研究现状

李安原1,2, 牛永红1, 牛富俊1, 刘华3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院 寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 冻土工程国家重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;
    3. 西安建筑科技大学 土木工程学院, 陕西 西安 710055
  • 收稿日期:2014-08-09 修回日期:2014-12-28 出版日期:2015-02-25 发布日期:2015-03-23
  • 通讯作者: 牛永红,E-mail:yhniu@lzb.ac.cn. E-mail:yhniu@lzb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:李安原(1990-),男,安徽六安人,2012年毕业于华侨大学,现为中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所在读硕士研究生,主要从事寒区岩土工程方面的研究.E-mail:anyuanli1013@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41071045); 铁道部科技研究开发计划项目(Z2012-062); 冻土工程国家重点实验室自主课题(SKLFSE-ZY-15); 西安建筑科技大学校人才科技基金项目(RC1363)资助

Research status of frost heaving properties and controlling measures of coarse grained soil

LI Anyuan1,2, NIU Yonghong1, NIU Fujun1, LIU Hua3   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Engineering, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. School of Civil Engineering, Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi'an 710055, China
  • Received:2014-08-09 Revised:2014-12-28 Online:2015-02-25 Published:2015-03-23

摘要:

室内试验和现场监测数据表明, 粗颗粒土的冻胀敏感性与土的级配、初始含水量、温度、外载等诸多因素有关; 在一定的组合条件下, 粗颗粒土也可以发生显著的冻胀. 以认识哈大高铁路基冻胀特性为目的, 在分类梳理有关粗颗粒土冻胀特性研究文献的基础上, 简要论述了粗颗粒土的冻胀理论及其发展现状, 然后重点论述了有关影响粗颗粒土冻胀特性的几个关键因素——细颗粒含量、水分特征及温度状况方面的研究成果和存在的问题. 最后, 讨论了研究粗颗粒土冻胀模型及其冻胀机理时应关注的问题, 以更好地评价、防治公路和铁路路基土冻胀.

关键词: 粗颗粒土, 冻胀敏感性, 影响因素, 防治措施

Abstract:

Both field and laboratory tests showed that frost heaving susceptibility of coarse grained soil were related to many factors, such as soil gradation, initial moisture content, temperature and external loads. Apparent frost heaving had been observed in coarse grained soil under certain composition conditions. In an attempt to explain the subgrade frost heaving properties of Harbin-Dalian high-speed railway, based on some documents on frost heaving properties of coarse grained soil, in this paper, first, frost heaving theory of coarse grained soil is disserted and reviewed, then research findings and problems about fines, water, and temperature, which influence frost heaving properties of coarse grained soil seriously, are presented. At last, several issues on frost heaving theory and model are proposed, which should be paid more attention to, in order to evaluate and prevent frost heaving of highway and railway better.

Key words: coarse grained soil, frost heaving susceptibility, influence factors, controlling measures

中图分类号: 

  • P642.14