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冰川冻土 ›› 2015, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (3): 740-744.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2015.0083

• 寒区科学与技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

自然灾害应急救灾的若干经验和建议

王得楷, 赵洪涛, 张满银, 张连科, 杨军   

  1. 甘肃省科学院 地质自然灾害防治研究所, 甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2015-04-16 修回日期:2015-06-13 出版日期:2015-06-25 发布日期:2015-09-29
  • 作者简介:王得楷(1957-), 男, 甘肃景泰人, 研究员, 1982年毕业于兰州大学, 主要从事地质灾害防治研究. E-mail: wdkkx@163.com.
  • 基金资助:
    甘肃省科学院舟曲自然灾害监测预警与决策指挥系统集成设计研究项目(2012HZ-04;2014HK-03);甘肃省地质灾害形成条件及防治技术研究项目(2013JK-05);甘肃省地质灾害防治产业化调查预测研究项目(CY02);甘肃省科技厅兰州北山一带黄土山坡建筑区地质灾害调查评价及防灾标准研究项目(1209FCMA012)资助

Emergency rescue service against natural disasters: experiences and suggestions

WANG Dekai, ZHAO Hongtao, ZHANG Manyin, ZHANG Lianke, YANG Jun   

  1. Geological Hazard Prevention Institute, Gansu Academic of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2015-04-16 Revised:2015-06-13 Online:2015-06-25 Published:2015-09-29

摘要: 自然灾害应急救灾是社会危机管理的重要内容, 也是对一个国家综合国力、政府危机管理水平和社会精神文明建设成果的直接检验. 近几十年来, 我国应急救灾管理体制在应对数次大规模突发性自然灾害的实践中得到不断完善与发展. 通过多年参与应急救灾一线工作实践, 总结归纳了几点有助于救灾管理体制向着法制化、科学化、规范化和有序性方向发展的体会和建议, 以期能对灾害危机管理人员和受灾群众的自救互救工作有所启示.

关键词: 自然灾害, 应急救灾, 管理体制, 经验

Abstract: The emergency rescue service against natural disaster is an integral part of social crisis management and an intuitive reflection of the nation's comprehensive strength, the government's management level and the social spiritual civilization. Emergency response management system in China, developed during replying several large-scale exceptional natural disasters, has now begun to take shape and won the world's approval. Through years of front-line practice, some suggestions for the legalization, scientization and normalization of the emergency rescue service are summarized in this paper, in order to inspire the relevant management personnel and victims and to help the construction of a disaster emergency management system in China.

Key words: natural disasters, emergency relief, management system, experiences and lessons

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