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冰川冻土 ›› 2015, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (3): 818-825.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2015.0091

• 生态经济与可持续发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

虚拟水战略新论的社会经济效益分析——以石羊河流域民勤县为例

尚海洋1, 张志强2, 王岱3, 刘正汉1   

  1. 1. 兰州财经大学 农林经济管理学院, 甘肃 兰州 730020;
    2. 中国科学院 兰州文献情报中心, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    3. 中国科学院 地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2014-08-20 修回日期:2015-02-01 出版日期:2015-06-25 发布日期:2015-09-29
  • 通讯作者: 王岱, E-mail: wangdai@igsnrr.ac.cn. E-mail:wangdai@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:尚海洋(1981-), 男, 辽宁沈阳人, 副教授, 2009年在中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所获博士学位, 现主要从事生态经济和区域经济方面的研究. E-mail: haiyangshang@sina.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41201595;41171116;41401653)资助

Social and economic benefits analysis on an new explanation of virtual water strategy: take Minqin County as an example

SHANG Haiyang1, ZHANG Zhiqiang2, WANG Dai3, LIU Zhenghan1   

  1. 1. School of Agriculture & Forestry Economics and Management, Lanzhou University of Finance and Economics, Lanzhou 730020China;
    2. Lanzhou Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2014-08-20 Revised:2015-02-01 Online:2015-06-25 Published:2015-09-29

摘要: 虚拟水战略已经被认为是一种提高全球水资源利用效率和缺水地区获得水安全的有效工具. 虚拟水战略新论指出, 应充分利用各种社会资源, 打通优化配置水资源(实体水和虚拟水)的渠道. 虚拟水战略能否有效实施的首要任务, 是地区产业结构内部配置的优化. 本文在估算民勤县主要农作物虚拟水量的基础上, 利用部门水效益分析了虚拟水由农业(种植业)部门向第二、三产业转移的三种情景下产生的净效益和创造的社会就业机会, 刻画了实施虚拟水战略的重要理论意义, 佐证了虚拟水战略全新定义的现实意义.

关键词: 虚拟水战略新论, 贫水地区, 效益分析, 社会资源, 民勤县

Abstract: Virtual water is out of the traditional research field of "water on the water", the virtual water strategy has been considered a global water use efficiency and improve access to effective tools dry land water security. New explanation of virtual water strategy stated should make full use of social resources, open up the optimal allocation of water resources (physical and virtual water, water) channels. The primary task of the effectiveness of the implementation of virtual water strategy is configured to optimize the industrial structure of regional water inside. Based on estimates of virtual water Minqin main crops on the use of water-benefit analysis of the social sector employment under virtual water from the agricultural (farming) sector to the secondary and tertiary industries arising from the transfer of the three scenarios and create net benefits opportunity to portray an important theoretical significance of the implementation of virtual water strategy, evidence of the significance of the new definition of virtual water strategy.

Key words: an new explanation of virtual water strategy, water security area, social and economic benefits analysis, social resource, Minqin County

中图分类号: 

  • F062.2