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冰川冻土 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 645-652.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2016.0071

• 冰冻圈与全球变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

内蒙古大兴安岭生态功能区冷暖季节气候变化趋势分析

代海燕1, 陈素华1, 武艳娟2, 李丹1, 朝鲁门1   

  1. 1. 内蒙古生态与农业气象中心, 内蒙古 呼和浩特 010051;
    2. 内蒙古气象局, 内蒙古 呼和浩特 010051
  • 收稿日期:2016-02-16 修回日期:2016-04-08 出版日期:2016-06-25 发布日期:2016-09-21
  • 作者简介:代海燕(1978-),男,辽宁阜新人,高级工程师,主要从事林业气象与生态气象方面的研究.E-mail:daihaiyan2003@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    内蒙古气象局科技创新项目(nmqxjcx201416);内蒙古自治区自然科学基金项目(2016MS0376)资助

Analysis of the warm and cool season's climate variations in the ecological function sites in the Great Khingan,Inner Mongolia

DAI Haiyan1, CHEN Suhua1, WU Yanjuan2, LI Dan1, CHAO Lumen1   

  1. 1. Inner Mongolia Ecology and Agricultural Meteorology Centre, Hohhot 010051, China;
    2. Inner Mongolia Bureau of Meteorology, Hohhot 010051, China
  • Received:2016-02-16 Revised:2016-04-08 Online:2016-06-25 Published:2016-09-21

摘要: 利用内蒙古大兴安岭生态功能区8个站点近30a的日气温数据分析了该地区年冻融指数变化趋势。结果表明:该生态功能区融化指数呈显著上升趋势,冻结指数波动变化但不显著;年>0℃天数呈增加趋势,<0℃天数则减少,都未达到显著水平;暖季日平均融化指数显著上升,冷季日平均冻结指数也呈增加趋势,其中2站点达显著水平,表明该地区暖季越暖,冷季亦变冷,气候呈两极化趋势;>0℃生长季初日全部提前,其中62.5%的站点达到显著水平,多数站点生长季推后,但只有1个站点达到显著水平,表明生长季延长初日提前贡献较大。

关键词: 冻结指数, 融化指数, 气候异常, 冷暖季节

Abstract: In this paper,daily temperature data from eight meteorological stations in the ecological function sites in the Great Khingan,Inner Mongolia from 1984 through 2014 were used to analyze the regional freezing-thawing index variations. The results show that the thawing index,the daily average thawing index had significantly risen;freezing index had varied in undulation;the duration of more than 0℃ had increased,and that of less than 0℃ had decreased,but both had not reached significant level. The daily mean thawing index in warm season had increased remarkably and the daily mean freezing index in cool season had increased with two sites reached significant level,showing that in this region the warm season had become warmer and the cool season had become colder. The growing season had all brought forward,with 62.5% of the sites having reached significant level;the ending day of the growing season had mostly delayed(with only one site had reached significant level),which indicates that the growth season beginning date bringing forward has more contribution to the growing season prolonging.

Key words: freezing index, thawing index, climatic anomaly, warm and cool seasons

中图分类号: 

  • TH774