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冰川冻土 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 692-698.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2016.0077

• 寒区科学与技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

新疆阿尔泰山喀纳斯湖冰层温度变化规律试验研究

程培峰, 李吉庭, 宇德忠, 郝中华   

  1. 东北林业大学 土木工程学院, 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150040
  • 收稿日期:2016-02-15 修回日期:2016-04-18 出版日期:2016-06-25 发布日期:2016-09-21
  • 作者简介:程培峰(1963-),男,辽宁朝阳人,教授,2000年在日本国立爱媛大学获得博士学位,现从事路基路面结构与道路工程材料、道路环境与安全及交通工程方面的研究.E-mail:chengpeifeng@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    新疆喀纳斯旅游发展有限公司重点科研项目(43215001)资助

Study of the ice cover temperature variation of the Kanas Lake

CHENG Peifeng, LI Jiting, YU Dezhong, HAO Zhonghua   

  1. Civil Engineering College, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
  • Received:2016-02-15 Revised:2016-04-18 Online:2016-06-25 Published:2016-09-21

摘要: 2014年12月-2015年4月期间,新疆布尔津县喀纳斯湖举行了冰上旅游项目。为监测冰层生长、发育和融化状况,分别对喀纳斯湖(湖边、湖中)A、B、C三点进行温度监测,利用监测得到的冰层温度数据绘制湖冰从上到下温度分布状况图。根据湖边与湖中的冰层结构特点,从冰层的天然结构角度分析湖冰结构对温度分布的影响。结果表明:天然冰层中温度传递系数并不是一致不变的,既受冰上气温、冰下湖水温度的影响,也受到冰层自身结构状况的影响,并进一步阐述了湖面冰层的温度分布规律与变化成因,为分析温度对冰层强度的影响奠定了基础。

关键词: 湖冰, 微结构, 温度监测, 温度传递系数, 温度场

Abstract: An ice tourism project was held in Kanas Lake of Burqin County in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in December,2014 to April,2015. To monitor the ice growth,development and melt,ice temperature was monitored on the Kanas Lake(lake front and lake middle),then the lake ice temperature profile variation was obtained. According to the ice structural characteristics in the lakefront and the lake middle,the influence of lake ice structure on the temperature distribution was analyzed. The results show that the thermal transfer coefficient of natural ice is not constant. It is not affected only by air temperature upon the ice and water temperature under the ice cover,but also affected by ice structure. Finally,the temperature distribution and variation of the lake ice are further expounded,which would be useful for analyzing the influence of temperature on the strength of ice.

Key words: lake ice cover, microstructure, temperature monitoring, temperature transfer coefficient, temperature field

中图分类号: 

  • P343.6+3