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冰川冻土 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 845-852.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2016.0095

• 生态经济与可持续发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

黑河流域居民水幸福感实证研究

陈惠雄, 王晓鹏   

  1. 浙江财经大学 工商管理学院, 浙江 杭州 310018
  • 收稿日期:2016-03-07 修回日期:2016-05-15 出版日期:2016-06-25 发布日期:2016-09-21
  • 通讯作者: 王晓鹏,E-mail:wang2010spur@foxmail.com. E-mail:wang2010spur@foxmail.com
  • 作者简介:陈惠雄(1957-),男,浙江兰溪人,教授,1999年毕业于上海财经大学,长期从事幸福经济学及资源环境经济学研究.E-mail:chx@zufe.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目“幸福导向的中国东西部流域水资源管理模式比较研究——以钱塘江与黑河为例”(41371526)资助

An empirical research of the residents'water happiness in Heihe River basin

CHEN Huixiong, WANG Xiaopeng   

  1. Zhejiang University of Finance and Economics, Hangzhou 310018, China
  • Received:2016-03-07 Revised:2016-05-15 Online:2016-06-25 Published:2016-09-21

摘要: 幸福是资源配置与利用的终极价值目标。将主观幸福感理论引入到水资源管理研究,提出水幸福感的概念,建立水幸福感测度指标体系。以我国典型内陆河流域——黑河流域张掖段为研究区,采用典型与非典型相关分析法和因子分析法,对黑河流域居民水幸福感的人口学特征与影响因素进行了深度分析,结果发现不同地区水幸福感差异较大。其中肃南的健康层面、民乐的价格层面、高台的管理层面与价格层面得分较低,参与层面与节水层面各地区得分均较低。山丹地区水幸福感整体偏低。这要求政府水资源管理政策贯彻全方位管理与重点管理有机结合的原则。在具体管理策略上,相关部门应关注水对居民健康和环境造成的影响,同时完善管理程序,促进水价改革,鼓励居民参与,提升社会节水意识与能力,进而形成基于水幸福感提升的流域水资源管理策略体系。

关键词: 水幸福感, 相关分析, 因子分析, 黑河

Abstract: Happiness is the ultimate value goal of resource allocation and utilization.In this article, subjective well-being theory was introduced to the study of water resources management, a concept of water happiness was put forward, and the corresponding measurement system was set up.The Zhangye section of the Heihe River was taken as an example to analyze.By demographic characteristics analysis and influence factors analysis, water happiness differences among different regions are found.Health factor in Sunan County, price factor in Minle County and management factor and price factor in Gaotai County are rather low, the participation factor and water saving factor are low in everywhere.It is required that the government should make water resources management policies on the principle of omnibearing administration combined with key-point management.On specific management strategies, relevant departments should pay attention to the effect of water on people's health and the environment of water resources, improve management efficiency, push forward the reform of water price, encourage residents to participate in and promote water saving consciousness and ability, finally, build a system of water resources management strategy oriented to water happiness.

Key words: water happiness, correlation analysis, factor analysis, Heihe River

中图分类号: 

  • C922