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冰川冻土 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 112-122.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2017.0014

• 寒区科学与技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

冻土区管土相互作用研究综述

黄龙1,2, 盛煜1, 胡晓莹1,2, 王生廷1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院 西北生态环境资源研究院 冻土工程国家重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2016-07-22 修回日期:2016-11-11 出版日期:2017-02-25 发布日期:2017-06-03
  • 作者简介:黄龙(1988-),男,甘肃白银人,2015年毕业于兰州交通大学,现为中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院在读博士研究生,从事管道与冻土相互作用方面的研究.E-mail:18189538646@163.com.
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(91647103)资助

Interactions between the pipeline and soils in permafrost regions:a review

HUANG Long1,2, SHENG Yu1, HU Xiaoying1,2, WANG Shengting1,2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Engineering, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2016-07-22 Revised:2016-11-11 Online:2017-02-25 Published:2017-06-03

摘要: 管道是长距离输送天然气或石油的最经济有效的工具之一,当管道穿越冻土区时,将面临土体冻胀融沉作用引起的管道弯曲变形和破坏,管土之间的相互作用为冻土区管道设计和运营的重要考虑因素。简述目前世界上主要的穿越冻土区管道工程(罗曼井管道、俄罗斯远东地区管道、美国阿拉斯加管道及中国寒区管道网)的设计理论发展,归纳总结了管土相互作用室内外相关试验、数值模拟分析理论和方法等方面的研究成果和发展现状,并针对冻土区管土相互作用的研究提出进一步的研究展望。

关键词: 冻土, 管道, 相互作用, 设计, 试验, 研究

Abstract: Pipeline is one of the most economical and effective tool for long distance transportation of gas and oil. The pipeline may be subject to bending deformation and possible failures caused by the frost heaving and thawing through permafrost regions. Therefore, the interactions between pipe and soils have been one of the most important factors for pipe design and operation to consider in permafrost regions. In this paper, the development and progress in design theory of main pipeline projects in permafrost regions(e.g., Norman Wells Pipeline, Far East Pipeline of Russian, Alyeska Pipeline, and Pipelines in China) are briefly reviewed, the latest achievements and progresses in indoor and outdoor experiments and analysis theory, together with the method of numerical simulations for studying the interaction between the pipeline and soil are summarized. In the end, further research and prospect on the pipe-soil interactions in permafrost regions are proposed.

Key words: permafrost, pipeline, interaction, design, experiment, research

中图分类号: 

  • P642.14/TE832