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冰川冻土 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 220-228.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2017.0025

• 生态经济与可持续发展 • 上一篇    

南疆地区经济发展对荒漠化程度的影响研究

奥布力·塔力普1, 阿里木江·卡斯木2,3   

  1. 1. 新疆师范大学 商学院, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830054;
    2. 新疆师范大学 地理科学与旅游学院, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830054;
    3. 新疆师范大学 丝绸之路经济带城镇化发展研究中心, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830054
  • 收稿日期:2016-08-15 修回日期:2016-12-13 出版日期:2017-02-25 发布日期:2017-06-03
  • 通讯作者: 阿里木江·卡斯木,E-mail:alimkasim@gmail.com. E-mail:alimkasim@gmail.com
  • 作者简介:奥布力·塔力普(1980-),男,维吾尔族,新疆喀什人,讲师,2015年在兰州大学获博士学位,从事生态经济学,空间经济学与产业经济学研究.E-mail:oboltalip@sina.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41361043;41661037);新疆维吾尔自治区青年科技创新人才培养工程优秀青年科技人才项目(2013721031);新疆师范大学博士研究生启动项目(XJNUBS1532);中国企业在巴基斯坦投资面临风险与防范项目(XJNUZY201602);新疆师范大学优秀青年教师科研启动项目(xjnu201301)资助

Study of the social economic development impacting the desertificationin southern Xinjiang

Obul Talip1, Alimujiang Kasimu2,3   

  1. 1. School of Business, Xinjiang Normal University, Vrümqi 830054, China;
    2. School of Geographical Science and Tourism, Xinjiang Normal University, Vrümqi 830054, China;
    3. Center of Silk Road Economic Belt Urban Development Study of Xinjiang Normal University, Vrümqi 830054, China
  • Received:2016-08-15 Revised:2016-12-13 Online:2017-02-25 Published:2017-06-03

摘要: 荒漠化程度的变化对南疆地区来说是生态系统退化的表现。应用NDVI数据,利用图像处理软件ENVI对南疆地区荒漠化程度进行分析,结果表明: 1952-1983年之间南疆地区荒漠化面积约增长11%,其中重度荒漠化面积约增14.21%左右,而中轻度荒漠化面积增7%~8%。1983-1993年荒漠化保持着基本稳定的状态。在21世纪初,即从2000年、2005年、2010年、2014年4期遥感数据解译分析结果来看, 2000年荒漠化总面积达到96.11×104 km2,约占总面积的90.41%,其中严重荒漠化面积为72.93×104 km2,重度荒漠化面积为15.76×104 km2,中轻度荒漠化面积为7.42×104 km2,到了2014年,荒漠化总面积达到95.31×104 km2,比2000年下降1.24%,但严重中轻度荒漠化土地面积不断发生变化。通过分析发现,荒漠化程度变化主要是人类活动和自然因素共同作用所导致的。

关键词: 社会经济发展, 荒漠化程度, 自然因素, 人为因素, 南疆

Abstract: Ecosystem degradation intensifies the desertification in southern Xinjiang. In this paper, desertification in southern Xinjiang is analyzed by using the NDVI data through the support of ENVI software. The result shows that the area of desertification in southern Xinjiang had increased 11 percent from 1952 through 1983. Among them, the area of heavy desertification had increased approximately 14.21%, while the area of moderate and mild desertification had increased 7%~8%. The area of desertification had kept stationary from 1983 through 1993. At the beginning of the 21st century, the area of desertification reached 96.11×103 km2, which was calculated from the remote sensing data interpretation in 2000. It was accounting for 90.41% of the total land area, of which the area of heavy desertification and moderate-mild desertification were, respectively, 157.6×103 km2and 74.2×103 km2. The area of desertification reached 953.1×103 km2 in 2014, which had shrunk 1.24% as compared with that in 2000, while heavy moderate-mild desertification area had changed constantly. According to the deeply observing and searching of predecessors, the change of desertification should be ascribe to human activities and natural factors.

Key words: social economic developing, desertification degree, natural factors, human activity, southern Xinjiang

中图分类号: 

  • P941.73