img

官方微信

img

群号:冰川冻土交流群

QQ群:218834310

高级检索

冰川冻土 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (2): 308-316.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2017.0035

• 冰冻圈与全球变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

亚洲树轮稳定氧同位素研究进展

陈瑶, 勾晓华, 刘文火, 陈巧湄, 苏佳佳, 林伟   

  1. 兰州大学 资源环境学院 西部环境教育部重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2016-12-12 修回日期:2017-02-19 出版日期:2017-04-25 发布日期:2017-07-08
  • 通讯作者: 勾晓华,E-mail:xhgou@lzu.edu.cn E-mail:xhgou@lzu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:陈瑶(1992-),女,重庆垫江人,2014年在重庆师范大学获学士学位,现为兰州大学在读硕士研究生,从事树木年代学与同位素地球化学研究工作.E-mail:chenyao14@lzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    教育部博士点基金项目(20120211110041);国家自然科学基金项目(41475067);兰州大学开放基金项目(lzujbky-2013-bt01)资助

Advances in tree-ring stable oxygen isotope study in Asia

CHEN Yao, GOU Xiaohua, LIU Wenhuo, CHEN Qiaomei, SU Jiajia, LIN Wei   

  1. Key Laboratory of Western China's Environmental Systems (Ministry of Education), College of Earth Environmental Science, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2016-12-12 Revised:2017-02-19 Online:2017-04-25 Published:2017-07-08

摘要: 树轮稳定氧同位素作为一种高精度的古气候代用指标,在亚洲地区的发展起步晚进步快。树轮稳定氧同位素比率(δ18O)对区域气候信息有较强的记录能力,且与水汽循环关系密切,对于理解复杂的亚洲气候起着重要作用。亚洲地区树轮δ18O对温度的响应主要出现在高纬度地区,中低纬度树轮δ18O主要记录与水分(降水、相对湿度、PDSI等)有关的信号。对亚洲地区已发表的树轮δ18O与气候要素(温度、降水、相对湿度)的相关分析显著性统计显示,生长季气候对树轮δ18O至关重要,树轮δ18O 与温度的显著相关关系呈正相关,与降水和相对湿度的呈负相关,温度和降水通过降水δ18O影响树轮δ18O,但各自的信号强度存在区域差异,而相对湿度信号则广泛记录在不同区域不同树种之中。亚洲树轮稳定氧同位素研究集中于中低纬度地区,因而对大气水文循环的响应主要侧重于对亚洲夏季风和ENSO的研究,对季风降水的记录反映了季风活动的变化特征以及与之有关的环流信息;季节分辨率的树轮稳定氧同位素研究限于低纬热带亚热带区域,但对于理解区域气候和季风活动的年内变化、挖掘年轮不清晰树种的树轮学研究潜力具有重要的意义。

关键词: 树木年轮, 稳定氧同位素, 亚洲, 气候变化, 大气环流

Abstract: The oxygen isotope in tree ring, as a proxy of paleoclimatology with high resolution,is develop late but fast in Asia. Stable oxygen isotope ratio (δ18O) of tree ring records strong environment information, and related to moisture cycle closely, which makes it important in studying complex Asian climate. Tree ring δ18O responses to temperature mainly in high latitude region, for middle to low latitude, it records moisture change like precipitation, relative humidity (RH) and PDSI. This study statistics the published correlation analysis results of tree ring δ18O with temperature, precipitation and RH in Asia, it appears that the environment of growing season is crucial to tree ring δ18O, the significant relationship of tree ring δ18O with temperature, precipitation and RH is positive, negative and negative respectively. Temperature and precipitation influence rainfall δ18O thus tree ring δ18O, but their effects varies at difference region; RH is widely recorded in the tree ring δ18O. As the majority of study regions located in middle to low latitude region, most tree ring δ18O series are used to study Asian summer monsoon and ENSO through its relationship with monsoon rainfall; Seasonal resolved tree ring δ18 O studies only carry out in tropical and subtropics area now, but they are meaningful to understand intra-annual climate change and monsoon activity, and make it possible to study species without distinct annual rings.

Key words: tree-ring, stable oxygen isotope, Asia, climate change, atmospheric circulation

中图分类号: 

  • P532