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冰川冻土 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (2): 358-365.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2017.0041

• 寒区科学与技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

考虑荷载作用的沥青混合料冻融损伤特性研究

张倩1, 李泽1,2, 温志广3, 杨永红3   

  1. 1. 西安建筑科技大学 土木工程学院, 陕西 西安 710055;
    2. 新疆交通科学研究院, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830000;
    3. 包头市交通运输局, 内蒙古 包头 014030
  • 收稿日期:2016-12-09 修回日期:2017-02-02 出版日期:2017-04-25 发布日期:2017-07-08
  • 通讯作者: 李泽,E-mail:ze975023@126.com E-mail:ze975023@126.com
  • 作者简介:张倩(1971-),女,陕西泾阳人,副教授,2007年在长安大学获博士学位,从事新型路面材料、路面病害机理与防治领域的研究.E-mail:zhzzqs@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(51108374);陕西省自然科学基础研究计划项目(SJ08E208);内蒙古自治区交通运输科技项目(NJ-2014-23)资助

Research on freeze-thaw damage characteristics of asphalt mixture considering load action

ZHANG Qian1, LI Ze1,2, WEN Zhiguang3, YANG Yonghong3   

  1. 1. School of Civil Engineering, Xi'an University of Architecture & Technology, Xi'an 710055, China;
    2. Xinjiang Academy of Transportation Sciences, Ürümqi 830000, China;
    3. Baotou Traffic and Transportation, Baotou 014030, Inner Mongolia, China
  • Received:2016-12-09 Revised:2017-02-02 Online:2017-04-25 Published:2017-07-08

摘要: 针对寒区道路工程中的沥青路面冻融受荷损伤问题,借助细观损伤力学和宏观统计随机损伤模型,建立了冻融与荷载耦合作用下的沥青混合料损伤本构关系和损伤演化方程;探讨了冻融循环次数、应变和油石比影响下的沥青混合料冻融受荷损伤劣化机理。研究表明:冻融循环疲劳损伤累积和荷载作用于带有微缺陷粗集料界面附近产生的应力集中加剧了沥青混合料总损伤劣化程度。冻融循环20次之后,损伤度变化不大,基本趋于恒定;相同损伤程度时,应变值随冻融次数的增加而减小。油石比对总损伤影响显著,当油石比相对较小时,以冻融破坏为主;当油石比较大时,以受荷破损为主。研究成果可为寒区沥青路面抗冻设计、性能评价及养护维修时机选择提供参考。

关键词: 道路工程, 损伤模型, 随机损伤力学, 冻融受荷耦合, 本构关系, 沥青混合料

Abstract: In the light of the freeze-thaw and loading damage problem of asphalt pavement in cold areas, by means of meso-damage mechanics and macroscopic statistical stochastic damage model, the damage constitutive relation and damage evolution equation of asphalt mixture under coupling action of freeze-thaw and loading are established. The damage degradation mechanism of freeze-thaw and loading asphalt mixture under the influence of freeze-thaw cycles, strain and asphalt aggregate ratio are discussed. It is shown that the fatigue damage accumulation of freeze-thaw cycling and the stress concentration caused by loading, which acted on the coarse aggregate interface that carrying micro defects aggravated the total damage degradation of asphalt mixture. The damage degree does not changes greatly and tends to be constant gradually after 20 cycles, but the strain value decreases with an increasing of freeze-thaw cycles under the same damage degree. The asphalt aggregate ratio has a significant impact on total damage degree, it gives priority to freeze-thaw damage when asphalt aggregate ratio is relatively small, whereas the damage mainly caused by load when it is larger. The research results can provide a reference for asphalt pavement anti-freezing design, the performance evaluation and the selection of maintenance time in cold regions.

Key words: road engineering, damage model, stochastic damage mechanical, coupling freeze-thaw and loading, constitutive relation, asphalt mixture

中图分类号: 

  • U419.92