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冰川冻土 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 275-281.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2019.0105

• 冰冻圈与全球变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

阿尔金山东端北部区域生态环境修复模式研究

牛最荣1, 陈学林2, 黄维东2, 王亦农2, 王毓森2, 武雪1   

  1. 1. 甘肃农业大学, 甘肃 兰州 730070;
    2. 甘肃省水文水资源局, 甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-01 修回日期:2019-02-01 出版日期:2019-04-25 发布日期:2019-05-18
  • 通讯作者: 陈学林,E-mail:chxuelin@126.com. E-mail:chxuelin@126.com
  • 作者简介:牛最荣(1964-),男,甘肃通渭人,教授级高工,2012年在中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所获博士学位,从事水文水资源教学及研究工作.E-mail:zrniu12@sina.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(91125015;51669002);甘肃省水利科研计划项目(2017-07);甘肃省水利试验研究及技术推广项目(2017-43);甘肃省重点研发计划“河长制”网格化管理信息系统研制与示范应用(18YF1FA081)资助

Study on the restoration model of ecological environment in the northern part of the eastern end of the Altun Mountains

NIU Zuirong1, CHEN Xuelin2, HUANG Weidong2, WANG Yinong2, WANG Yusen2, WU Xue1   

  1. 1. Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, China;
    2. Gansu Provincial Hydrology and Water Resources Bureau, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2018-06-01 Revised:2019-02-01 Online:2019-04-25 Published:2019-05-18

摘要: 阿尔金山荒漠化防治生态功能区是甘肃西部、新疆乃至整个西北地区重要生态屏障,对阿尔金山东端北部区域为代表的西土沟流域生态环境现状和存在主要问题进行分析,提出区域生态环境治理构想和因势治洪-以洪治沙-自然净化-综合利用的区域洪水资源开发利用模式和以“水害”治“沙害”、变害为利的区域生态环境、沙漠治理模式。国内外学者对本区域荒漠化防治、草地生态安全评价有部分研究,但对沙漠区洪水资源开发利用问题研究比较罕见,在沙漠地区洪水资源化利用方面具有很强的代表性,为阿尔金山保护区的规范管理和可持续对策制定提供科学依据,对同类地区生态环境修复提供示范。

关键词: 生态环境, 沙漠洪水治理, 模式, 阿尔金山东端北部

Abstract: Altun Mountains desertification control ecological function zone is an important ecological barrier in the western part of Gansu, Xinjiang and even the entire northwestern region. This study analyzes the current status and existing problems of the Xitugou watershed, which is a typical representation of the northern part of the eastern end of the Altun Mountains. The study conceives the notion of regional eco-environmental governance and puts forward a regional flood resource utilization model, which includes "situational flood control"-"desert control through flood"-"natural purification"-"comprehensive utilization". In addition, the study proposes a regional ecological environment and desert governance model in which the "flood" is utilized to treat the "desert", turning something bad into something good. Domestic and foreign scholars have carried out some research on desertification control and grassland ecological security evaluation in this region, but the research on the development and utilization of flood resources in desert areas is rare, and it is highly representative in the utilization of flood resources in desert areas. It is the protected area of Altun Mountain. Standardized management and sustainable countermeasures development provide a scientific basis for providing demonstration of ecological restoration in similar areas.

Key words: eco-environment, flood control in desert, model, the northern part of the eastern end of the Altun Mountains

中图分类号: 

  • X171.4