X img

官方微信

img

群号:冰川冻土交流群

QQ群:218834310

高级检索
作者投稿 专家审稿 编辑办公 编委办公 主编办公

冰川冻土 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (5): 1205-1213.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2019.0324

• 海冰与极地冰冻圈 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于海冰分析图获取北极固定冰分布的方法研究

李子轩1,2, 赵杰臣2   

  1. 1. 中国海洋大学 海洋与大气学院, 山东 青岛 266100;
    2. 国家海洋环境预报中心 国家海洋局海洋灾害预报技术研究重点实验室, 北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-14 修回日期:2019-08-03 发布日期:2020-02-24
  • 通讯作者: 赵杰臣,E-mail:zhaojc@nmefc.cn. E-mail:zhaojc@nmefc.cn
  • 作者简介:李子轩(1995-),男,陕西宝鸡人,2013年在武汉大学获学士学位,现为中国海洋大学在读硕士研究生,从事北极海冰数据分析研究.E-mail:lizixuan@stu.ouc.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC1407206)资助

Study on the method of extracting Arctic landfast ice distribution based on sea ice analysis charts

LI Zixuan1,2, ZHAO Jiechen2   

  1. 1. College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, Shandong, China;
    2. National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2019-05-14 Revised:2019-08-03 Published:2020-02-24

摘要: 对北极沿岸地区固定冰的分析研究,将有助于更全面认识北极海冰的变化趋势,并为进一步探索北极航道的开发利用提供数据支撑。基于美国国家冰中心发布的2008-2018年逐周/逐两周海冰分析图发展了一个数据转化处理方法,准确提取了全北极逐周的固定冰分布格点数据。分析该时间序列发现,北极平均固定冰范围为(9.0±6.3)×105 km2,呈现出(-1.0±3.9)×103 km2·a-1的减小趋势;4月份固定冰范围最大,多年平均值为1.6×106 km2,处于北极冬季的1-6月份的范围均高于百万平方公里,而7-10月份为北半球夏季,几乎无固定冰存在。将MODIS图像作为基准数据对不同月份的七组结果进行对比验证,结果显示:结冰末期和融冰前期的平均偏差较小,如2012年3月12日的固定冰外缘线平均偏差为-0.8 km;而融冰末期的偏差较大,如2009年9月14日的固定冰外缘线平均偏差为-9.4 km;但所有月份的验证误差都小于格点网格的大小(25 km),因此认为该方法是可行的,得到的格点数据可以代表固定冰的真实分布情况。

关键词: 北极, 海冰分析图, 固定冰范围, 数据处理

Abstract: Analysis of landfast ice in Arctic coastal areas is very important to provide a comprehensive understanding of the variations of Arctic sea ice, and to generate further basis data on the development and utilization of the Arctic shipping routes. Based on the weekly/biweekly sea ice analysis chart (2008-2018) released by the National Ice Center (NIC), we present a conversion and processing method to accurately extract the gridded data of the whole Arctic landfast ice distribution. The results showed that the average extent of Arctic landfast ice was (9.0±6.3)×105 km2 and has gradually decreased with an average rate of (-1.0±3.9)×103 km2·a-1. The landfast ice extent was the largest in April, with a multi-year mean of 1.6×106 km2. The extent from January to June in the Arctic winter was more than 1 million square kilometers, while almost no landfast ice in July-October, which was named Arctic summer. The MODIS images were used to verify the seven others in various months. The results showed that the average deviation in the end of freeze-up and the start of breakup was smaller. For example, the average deviation of the outer edge of the landfast ice was -0.8 km on March 12, 2012, and the deviation in the end of breakup was larger, such as the average deviation of the outer edge of the landfast ice was -9.4 km on September 14, 2009. However the verification error of all months was smaller than the grid size (25 km). Therefore, the method is considered to be credible, and the extracted gridded data may represent the true distribution of landfast ice.

Key words: Arctic, sea ice analysis chart, landfast ice, data processing

中图分类号: 

  • P332.8