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冰川冻土 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (5): 1271-1280.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2019.0537

• 冰冻圈生态与可持续发展 • 上一篇    

冰冻圈服务评估方法探讨

应雪1,2, 吴通华1, 苏勃3, 朱小凡1,2, 肖瑶1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院 西北生态环境资源研究院 冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室/青藏高原冰冻圈观测研究站, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;
    3. 北京师范大学 地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室, 北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-27 修回日期:2019-09-13 发布日期:2020-02-24
  • 通讯作者: 吴通华,E-mail:thuawu@lzb.ac.cn. E-mail:thuawu@lzb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:应雪(1993-),女,河南漯河人,2017年在西北师范大学获学士学位,现为中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院在读硕士研究生,从事冰冻圈服务研究.E-mail:yingx@lzb.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41690142;41771076;41671058;41690145);中国科学院前沿科学重点研究项目(QYZDY-SSW-DQC021)资助

Discussion on the evaluation method of cryosphere services

YING Xue1,2, WU Tonghua1, SU Bo3, ZHU Xiaofan1,2, XIAO Yao1,2   

  1. 1. Cryosphere Research Station on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciencic, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. State Key Laboratory of Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2019-06-27 Revised:2019-09-13 Published:2020-02-24

摘要: 冰冻圈服务指人类能够从冰冻圈中直接或间接获得的各种惠益,由冰冻圈的过程和功能产生,可为人类生存和发展提供重要的物质和文化基础。随着冰冻圈科学的发展,人们对冰冻圈过程和功能的认识不断深化,同时冰冻圈科学研究如何为区域可持续发展服务也成为重要的关注点,受到冰冻圈科学界的重视。然而,作为冰冻圈服务研究的重要内容之一,人们对冰冻圈服务评估方法仍缺乏系统性探讨。鉴于此,本研究从物质量法、价值量法和能值分析法三个维度对各类冰冻圈服务的评估方法进行了探讨。通过对这三种方法的原理、基本使用准则、适用范围和优缺点进行分析,以期探寻评估各类冰冻圈服务的最适方法,从而为后期开展具体评估提供方法借鉴。

关键词: 冰冻圈服务, 评估方法, 物质量法, 价值量法, 能值分析法

Abstract: Cryosphere services refer to the benefits that humans can obtain directly or indirectly from the cryosphere, which is produced by the cryosphere processes and functions. They also provide an important material and cultural basis for human survival and development. With the development of the cryosphere science, people's understanding of the process and function of the cryosphere continues to deepen. At the same time, how cryosphere science serves regional sustainable development has also become an important research topic. In this context, the cryosphere service research began to receive the attention of the cryosphere science community. However, as one of the important contents of the research on cryosphere services, there is still a lack of systematic discussion on the assessment method of cryosphere services. In view of this, this study explores the evaluation methods of various cryosphere services from three dimensions:material quality method, value quantity method and energy value analysis method. Through the analysis of the applicable scope, basic use criteria and advantages and disadvantages of these three methods, in order to explore the most suitable methods for evaluating various cryosphere services, it can provide a reference for the later specific evaluation.

Key words: cryosphere services, assessment method, material quality method, value method, emergy analysis method

中图分类号: 

  • P343.6