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冰川冻土 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (2): 618-627.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2020.0039

• 冰冻圈生态学 • 上一篇    下一篇

青藏高原高寒沼泽化草甸群落生物量及地下CNP对积雪增加的响应

唐川川1,2(),王根绪2,张莉2,3,常瑞英2,黄克威2,杨晓明4,杨凯2,赵小祥2,林丽1,杨燕2()   

  1. 1.四川农业大学 理学院,四川 雅安 625014
    2.中国科学院、水利部 成都山地灾害与环境研究所,四川 成都 610041
    3.甘孜州海螺沟景区森林保护站,四川 泸定 626102
    4.中铁西北科学研究院有限公司,甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-15 修回日期:2020-07-05 出版日期:2021-04-30 发布日期:2021-05-18
  • 通讯作者: 杨燕 E-mail:chuanchuantang1@163.com;yyang@imde.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:唐川川,硕士研究生,主要从事青藏高原沼泽化草甸对气候变化的响应研究. E-mail: chuanchuantang1@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571204);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA20050102)

Responses of plant community biomass and below-ground CNP stocks to snow addition in alpine swamp meadow on the Tibetan Plateau

Chuanchuan TANG1,2(),Genxu WANG2,Li ZHANG2,3,Ruiying CHANG2,Kewei HUANG2,Xiaoming YANG4,Kai YANG2,Xiaoxiang ZHAO2,Li LIN1,Yan YANG2()   

  1. 1.College of Science,Sichuan Agricultural University,Ya’an 625014,Sichuan,China
    2.Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Chengdu 610041,China
    3.Forest Protection Station of Hailuogou Scenic Spot,Ganzi Prefecture,Luding 626102,Sichuan,China
    4.Northwest Research Institute Co. ,Ltd of C. R. E. C. ,Lanzhou 730000,China
  • Received:2019-11-15 Revised:2020-07-05 Online:2021-04-30 Published:2021-05-18
  • Contact: Yan YANG E-mail:chuanchuantang1@163.com;yyang@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

以青藏高原多年冻土区高寒沼泽化草甸为研究对象,采用雪栅栏诱导方式模拟积雪厚度增加,结合植物地上、地下根系以及土壤养分变化,分析了高寒沼泽化草甸对积雪厚度增加的响应。结果表明:积雪厚度增加后,0~20 cm浅层土壤温度和水分含量增加;植物群落高度和土壤表层0~10 cm根系生物量显著增加,植物群落组成和地上生物量没有变化;地下0~20 cm土壤碳(C)、氮(N)、磷(P)总储量降低,根系中C、N、P储量增加;土壤表层0~10 cm总N∶P比显著增加,但是有效磷含量在0~10 cm和10~20 cm土层均显著增加。可见,积雪厚度增加并不影响沼泽化草甸植物群落的组成和地上生物量,仅增加植被高度;增加土壤表层总N∶P比意味着积雪厚度增加可能会减轻沼泽化草甸土壤中氮限制,从而减缓沼泽化草甸的氮匮乏状况。结论可为高寒生态系统响应积雪变化研究提供样地尺度的观测数据,并为冰冻圈生态系统应对未来气候变化的模型估算提供数据支撑。

关键词: 青藏高原, 积雪, 群落结构, CNP储量, 生态化学计量比

Abstract:

In this study, snow fence was employed to simulate artificial snow addition in an alpine swamp of permafrost region on the Tibetan Plateau. We aimed to investigate the responses of alpine swamp ecosystem to snow addition. Our results showed that: Increased snow would increase both soil moisture and temperature at the depth of 0~20 cm; Increased snow would increase vegetation height and root biomass at depth of 0~10 cm; Increased snow would decrease below-ground pools in total carbon (C), total nitrogen (N) and total phosphorus (P) at the depth of 0~20 cm, although the C, N, P pools had increased in the roots; Increased snow also increased soil total N:P ratio with increasing available phosphorus concentration at the depth of 0~10 cm and 10~20 cm. Our results suggested that short-term snow addition had no effected community composition and above-ground biomass, but significantly increased vegetation height. Moreover, increased N:P ratio in the soil surface had indicated that snow addition could alleviate N limitation in the study region, thereby relieve the soil N deficiency for plant growth in this area. These findings provide observation data at the plot-scale for alpine ecosystem under snow change, as well as a dataset for modeling permafrost ecosystem under future climate change.

Key words: Tibetan Plateau, snow, community structure, CNP stocks, eco-stoichiometric ratio

中图分类号: 

  • Q146