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作者投稿 专家审稿 编辑办公 编委办公 主编办公

冰川冻土 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (5): 1606-1616.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2021.0035

• 冰冻圈技术 • 上一篇    



  1. 1.中国科学院 西北生态环境资源研究院 黑河遥感试验研究站 甘肃省遥感重点实验室,甘肃 兰州 730000
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3.中国人民解放军32016部队,甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-19 修回日期:2021-01-03 出版日期:2021-10-31 发布日期:2021-12-09
  • 通讯作者: 郭建文 E-mail:wuadan@lzb.ac.cn;guojw@lzb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:吴阿丹,博士研究生,主要从事信息服务、寒旱区数据科学研究. E-mail: wuadan@lzb.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

Design and implementation of new digital Heihe River information system

Adan WU1,2(),Yanmei SHI3,Jianwen GUO1(),Jianxuan LI1,Heng LI1   

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing of Gansu Province,Heihe Remote Sensing Experimental Research Station,Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000,China
    2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China
    3.Chinese People’s Liberation Army Unit 32016,Lanzhou 730000,China
  • Received:2020-03-19 Revised:2021-01-03 Online:2021-10-31 Published:2021-12-09
  • Contact: Jianwen GUO E-mail:wuadan@lzb.ac.cn;guojw@lzb.ac.cn


随着黑河流域时空数据的快速增长,已有的黑河信息系统在共享效率、数据分析及平台架构等方面存在缺陷,已无法满足现实的需要。本研究针对目前平台的缺陷重新设计新版数字黑河信息系统(NDHRIS)的整体框架,从观测、数据及模型三个角度实现新版数字黑河信息系统的新功能。首先从基础设施、服务及应用三个层面介绍系统整体设计,其次详细阐述系统实现的关键技术及功能改进,最后,讨论了该系统仍然存在的问题及未来发展方向。目前该系统已业务化运行,数据量超过5 T,共1 058条元数据,向大约100个研究所和50个项目提供了大约8 TB数据集和5 000个数据服务,有效提升了黑河流域科学数据的共享效率,支撑全球寒区监测计划的实施。

关键词: 黑河流域, 观测实验, 信息系统, 数据共享, 数据可视化, 模型代码


The “Digital Heihe River Basin” can be considered as an implementation of the Digital Earth concept in the Heihe River basin, the second largest inland river basin of China. The Digital Heihe River Basin is composed of an information infrastructure and its applications. The former is further built up by a data integration platform, a modeling system and an automatic observing system, and the latter are various applications using integrated models and decision support systems. With the rapid growth of the spatio-temporal data of Heihe River basin, some existing Heihe information service systems have defects in the aspects of sharing efficiency, data analysis and platform architecture, etc., which can no longer meet the practical needs. In this study, the overall framework of the new digital Heihe information system (NDHRIS) is redesigned to address the defects of the current platform, and the new functions of the new digital Heihe information system are realized from three aspects: observation, data and model. In this paper, the overall design of the system is introduced from three levels: infrastructure, service and application. Secondly, the key technologies and functional improvements of the system are described in detail. Finally, the existing problems and future development directions of the system are discussed. At present, the system has been operational and includes a lot of data with key variables of cold and arid regions in China, such as glacier, snow, frozen soil, desert, model datasets such as surface atmospheric forcing, soil texture, plant functional type map, eco-hydrology remote sensed products, and comprehensive dataset in Heihe River basin. It has a data volume of more than 5 T and a total of 1 058 metadata, providing about 8 TB data sets and 5 000 data services to about 100 research institutes and 50 projects, effectively improving the sharing efficiency of scientific data in Heihe River basin and supporting the implementation of the global cold monitoring plan.

Key words: Heihe River basin, observational experiments, information system, data sharing, data visualization, model code


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