X img

官方微信

img

群号:冰川冻土交流群

QQ群:218834310

高级检索
作者投稿 专家审稿 编辑办公 编委办公 主编办公

冰川冻土 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (4): 1218-1227.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2021.0077

• 冰冻圈与可持续发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

黑河流域乡镇初始水权分配研究——以甘州区为例

王鹏龙1,2(), 宋晓谕1, 王宝1, 王肖波1,2, 牛艺博1   

  1. 1.中国科学院 西北生态环境资源研究院,甘肃 兰州 730000
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-10 修回日期:2020-09-13 出版日期:2021-08-31 发布日期:2021-09-09
  • 作者简介:王鹏龙,馆员,主要从事生态经济与可持续发展研究. E-mail: wangpl@llas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2018YFD1100102);中科院A类战略性先导科技专项(XDA19040502);甘肃省科技计划项目(20CX4ZA036);甘肃省青年科技基金计划(18JR3RA385)

Initial water rights allocation for towns in Heihe River basin: a case study in Ganzhou District

Penglong WANG1,2(), Xiaoyu SONG1, Bao WANG1, Xiaobo WANG1,2, Yibo NIU1   

  1. 1.Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
    2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-07-10 Revised:2020-09-13 Online:2021-08-31 Published:2021-09-09

摘要:

乡镇水权分配是乡镇水资源承载力研究的前提,是乡镇落实最严格的水资源管理和水权交易制度的基础,为新时期乡村振兴与美丽乡村建设提供物质保障。以最严格水资源管理制度确定的甘州区用水总量控制目标为可分配水权总量,在优先保障生活和生态基本用水基础上,选取2017年为规划水平年,采用人口、面积、产值单指标和混合分配模式,以及综合指标分配模式5种方法,开展了乡镇尺度水权分配对比研究。结果表明:领域专家对水权分配的公平性的重视程度略大于效率性,区域水资源的管理者更注重水权分配的公平性,而研究学者更倾向于效率性。5种模式对同一乡镇的水权分配结果范围较为均衡,但不同模式因侧重点各异对具体乡镇的分配比例存在差异。各乡镇不同模式下最大水权分配比例处于10%以上,而最小比例不超过0.3%。基于AHP的综合指标模式的分配结果更为合理,更贴合各乡镇水资源利用现状与经济社会未来发展潜力,其分配结果为各乡镇水资源承载力研究奠定了基础。

关键词: 水权分配, 单指标-混合模式, 层次分析法, 乡镇, 黑河流域

Abstract:

Water rights for towns is the premise of the research on water resources carrying capacity in towns. It lays groundwork for implementation of the strictest water resources management and water right trade system in town, and provides material guarantee for rural revitalization and beautiful rural construction in the new era. The total water consumption control target of Ganzhou determined by the strictest water resource management system is adopted as total distributable water rights. On the basis of giving priority to ensuring basic use for domestic water and ecological water, 2017 selected as the planning level year, five methods, namely the single index of population, area, output value, and mixed index model, and comprehensive index model, are adopted to carry out a comparative study on water rights allocation at the town level. The results show that: (1) experts pay more attention to equity than efficiency in water rights allocation. Regional water resource managers pay more attention to equity in water rights allocation, while researchers tend to be more efficient. (2) The allocation result of water rights in the same township is relatively even under the five models, but the proportions of water rights in the specific towns are different due to different emphasis of the five methods. In each town, the proportion of maximum water rights in different modes is above 10%, while the minimum proportion is less than 0.3%. (3) The comprehensive index allocation model, based on Analytic Hierarchy Process, produces more rational results, and the results are more in line with the current situation of water resources utilization and future economic and social development potential of every town, which lays a foundation for the research of water resources carrying capacity in town level.

Key words: water rights allocation, single & mixed index model, analytic hierarchy process, town, Heihe River basin

中图分类号: 

  • F062.2