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作者投稿 专家审稿 编辑办公 编委办公 主编办公

冰川冻土 ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (1): 1-13.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2022.0016

• 第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究 •    下一篇


薛健1,2(), 李宗省1(), 冯起1, 缪驰远3, 邓晓红4, 狄振华3, 叶爱中3, 龚伟3, 张百娟1,2, 桂娟1,2, 高文德1,5   

  1. 1.中国科学院 西北生态环境资源研究院 高寒山区同位素生态水文与环境保护观测研究站/甘肃省祁连山生态环境研究中心/内陆河流域 生态水文重点实验室,甘肃 兰州 730000
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3.北京师范大学 地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室,北京 100875
    4.兰州大学 县域经济发展研究院,甘肃 兰州 730000
    5.兰州理工大学 能源与动力工程学院,甘肃 兰州 730050
  • 收稿日期:2021-01-20 修回日期:2021-06-22 出版日期:2022-02-28 发布日期:2022-03-28
  • 通讯作者: 李宗省 E-mail:627476950@qq.com;lizxhhs@163.com
  • 作者简介:薛健,硕士研究生,主要从事寒区水文水资源研究. E-mail: 627476950@qq.com
  • 基金资助:

Spatiotemporal variation characteristics of water conservation amount in the Qilian Mountains from 1980 to 2017

Jian XUE1,2(), Zongxing LI1(), Qi FENG1, Chiyuan MIAO3, Xiaohong DENG4, Zhenhua DI3, Aizhong YE3, Wei GONG3, Baijuan ZHANG1,2, Juan GUI1,2, Wende GAO1,5   

  1. 1.Observation and Research Station of Eco-Hydrology and Environmental Protection by Stable Isotope Tracing in High and Cold Mountainous Areas / Gansu Qilian Mountains Ecology Research Center / Key Laboratory of Ecohydrology of Inland River Basin,Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000,China
    2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China
    3.State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China
    4.Institute of County Economic Development,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou 730000,China
    5.College of Energy and Power Engineering,Lanzhou University of Technology,Lanzhou 730050,China
  • Received:2021-01-20 Revised:2021-06-22 Online:2022-02-28 Published:2022-03-28
  • Contact: Zongxing LI E-mail:627476950@qq.com;lizxhhs@163.com


祁连山是中国西北地区十分重要的生态安全屏障,也是当地极为关键的水源涵养区。基于InVEST模型中的产水量模块,对祁连山水源涵养量和时空变化进行了分析并探讨其影响因素。结果表明:祁连山多年平均产水总量和水源涵养总量约为93.03×108 m3和57.83×108 m3。从时间变化来看,水源涵养量呈上升趋势,上升速率约为0.196 mm·a-1;在空间上呈“东多西少”的分布格局,与年降水量的空间分布大致相同。不同土地利用类型下的水源涵养总量依次为:草地(31.87×108 m3)>林地(16.71×108 m3)>耕地(4.92×108 m3)>其他用地(2.29×108 m3)>建设用地(0.63×108 m3)。降水量与水源涵养量在所有研究时段内均存在显著正相关性。不同时期土地利用类型的变化也会对水源涵养量产生重要影响,研究区草地面积变化对水源涵养量影响较大。根据建立的经验公式并参考已有研究成果,估算得出研究区多年冻土地下冰储量在550 km3以上,在全球气候变暖的背景下,消融趋势明显。研究可为祁连山水资源合理配置和生态系统保护提供参考。

关键词: 祁连山, 水源涵养, InVEST模型, 生态系统


In recent years, more and more attention has been paid to the ecosystem service function, and it has gradually become a hot issue for scholars. As one of the important service functions of surface ecosystem, water conservation plays a key role in regulating regional hydrological cycle, improving surface water status and maintaining the normal operation of regional ecosystem. As an important ecological security barrier, the Qilian Mountains is also one of the important water conservation functional areas in Northwest China. Based on the InVEST water wield model and the principle of water balance equation, the water production of each unit is calculated by subtracting the actual evapotranspiration from the precipitation of each unit, at last, the water conservation capacity of the study area is obtained. The model needs input of precipitation, potential evapotranspiration, soil texture, land use type, and vegetation available water grid layer. The meteorological data are from China Meteorological Data Service Center, the soil texture data are from Harmonized World Soil Database, and the soil type data are from Resource and Environment Science and Data Center, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The spatial and temporal variation characteristics of water yield amount and water conservation amount in the Qilian Mountains were calculated and analyzed, and the influencing factors of water conservation amount were discussed by using Pearson correlation analysis method. It is of great significance to promote the rational allocation of water resources, water management and ecosystem protection in the Qilian Mountains. The results showed that the annual average total amount of water wield and total amount of water conservation were about 93.03×108 m3 and 57.83×108 m3, respectively. The water conservation amount showed a slight upward trend and the change rate was 0.196 mm·a-1. The total amount of water conservation under different land use types was: grassland (31.87×108 m3) > woodland (16.71×108 m3) > cultivated land (4.92×108 m3) > other land (2.29×108 m3) > building land (0.63×108 m3). In the aspect of meteorological elements, there is a significantly positive correlation between precipitation and water conservation amount in each period, there is a negative correlation between evapotranspiration and water conservation amount, and there is a positive correlation between average air temperature and water conservation amount, but the correlation is not significant. At the same time, the change of land use types in different periods also has an important influence on water conservation amount, and change of grassland area has a great influence on water conservation amount. While paying attention to regional climate change, land resources should be rationally developed and utilized, and attention should be paid to the protection of its green space ecosystem. Under the background of high and cold climate, permafrost is widely distributed in the study area, and the underground ice buried under the geomorphology of permafrost is a special form of water body. It also plays an important role in regulation of regional water resources and plateau ecological environment change. Therefore, the combination of surface water and underground ice storage of permafrost in this paper is helpful to grasp the overall change of water resources in the Qilian Mountains. In this paper, average air temperature, average surface temperature and average thickness of permafrost in the Qilian Mountains are estimated according to the empirical formula of permafrost established by predecessors. The estimated underground ice storage of permafrost in the study area is about 555.76 km3. As warming trend continues in the future, area of the warm permafrost will continue to increase, underground ice of the permafrost will melt at a faster rate, and its internal water storage will decrease accordingly. The study also has important implications for assessment and management of hydrological cycles and ecosystems in the Qilian Mountains.

Key words: Qilian Mountains, water conservation, InVEST model, ecosystem


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