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冰川冻土 ›› 1983, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (2): 55-64.

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

天山乌鲁木齐河源1号冰川的水化学特征

骆鸿珍   

  1. 中国科学院兰州冰川冻土研究所
  • 收稿日期:1982-03-29 出版日期:1984-05-25 发布日期:2012-04-26

HYDROCHEMICAL FEATURES OF THE GLACIER N0.1 IN THE SOURCE REGION OF ÜRÜMQI RIVER,TIANSHAN

Luo Hongzhen   

  1. Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Cryopedology, Academia Sinica
  • Received:1982-03-29 Online:1984-05-25 Published:2012-04-26

摘要: 1980年笔者对天山乌鲁木齐河源1号冰川进行了系统采样(图1),并用分光光度比色法、原子吸收光谱、电感耦合等离子体发射光谱以及常规分析等,对近100个样品 作了分析。本文在这些分析的基础上,对1号冰川西支的某些水化学特征及其与冰川发育的关系等,提出一些初步看法。

Abstract: This paper deals with the hydrochemical features of the Glacier No.1 and the composite characteristics of the negative or positive ions in different waters and the water ion of low mineralization, analyzes the relations between ice crystal texture and the total content of ion from lower to higher in the evolution from snow,firn to ice,and discusses the relations between the content of trace element and climate as well as the source of aqueous vapour supplement in glaciated area. By studies on the relations between the contents of potassium,sodium,calcium,magnesium,manganese, iron and aluminium and their concentration coeffecient, it is supposed that the Glacier No,l is a glaciated area of extremely continental type influenced mainly by continental climate.As a result,the influence of the environment around the glacier to the chemical compounds in glacia 1 water and the vapour supplement is unnegligible.