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作者投稿 专家审稿 编辑办公 编委办公 主编办公

冰川冻土 ›› 1983, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (4): 27-38.

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇


王立伦, 刘潮海, 康兴成, 尤根祥   

  1. 中国科学院兰州冰川冻土研究所
  • 收稿日期:1982-07-19 出版日期:1984-08-25 发布日期:2012-04-26

Fundamental Features of Modern Glaciers in the Altay Shan of China

Wang Lilun, Liu Chaohai, Kang Xingcheng, You Genxiang   

  1. Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Cryopedology, Academia Sinica
  • Received:1982-07-19 Online:1984-08-25 Published:2012-04-26

摘要: 阿尔泰山是我国纬度最高(45°47'—49°10'N)、又唯一属于北冰洋水系的冰川区。虽然一些国内外学者曾在中、低山进行过地质地貌调查,也涉及到第四纪冰川作用[1-6],但有关现代冰川的考察研究却是空白。

Abstract: The glacierized area in the Altay Shan is at the highest latitude (45°47’-49°10’N) in China. In Chinese Altay, there are totally 416 glaciers with an area of 293.2 km2 and an estimated ice storage of 16.49 km3. The largest valley glacier is called Halasi glacier (5A255E21), 10.8 km long with an area of 30.13 km2 and its terminus descending to 2416 m. The Halasi glacier is characterized by plentiful accumulation in cold season, strong ablation in warm season, higher ice temperature in active layer, and large velocity of glacial movement, features different both from the maritime glaciers in southeast Xizang (Tibet) and from the extreme continental glaciers in Qilian Shan, but similar to the glaciers in western Tian Shan, which belong to the subcontinental type with dominant replenishment in cold season.