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冰川冻土 ›› 2002, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (3): 227-233.

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

祁连山西段小冰期以来的冰川变化研究

刘时银1, 沈永平1, 孙文新2, 李刚1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院, 寒区旱区环境与工程研究所, 甘肃, 兰州, 730000;
    2. 中国科学院, 遥感应用研究所, 北京, 100101
  • 收稿日期:2001-08-31 修回日期:2002-02-06 出版日期:2002-06-25 发布日期:2012-04-26
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目(KZCX2-301-01;KZCX1-10-06);国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(G19980-40-800-03);中国科学院“西部之光”项目资助

Glacier Variation since the Maximum of the Little Ice Age in the Western Qilian Mountains, Northwest China

LIU Shi-yin1, SHEN Yong-ping1, SUN Wen-xin2, LI Gang 1   

  1. 1. Cold and Arid Region Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China;
    2. Institute of Remote Sensing and Applications, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2001-08-31 Revised:2002-02-06 Online:2002-06-25 Published:2012-04-26

摘要: 根据航空摄影相片、地形图、遥感影像数据,分析了祁连山西段自小冰期至1990年的冰川变化,得出该地区在小冰期至1956年间冰川面积减小幅度为16.9%,冰川储量减少了14.1%;1956-1990年间冰川仍以退缩为主,此时段冰川面积和储量减小量占1956年时相应量的10.3%和9.3%.分析认为冰川退缩主要与1956-1966年时段气温偏高、降水偏少有关,而且该流域区对应于1956-1966年间强负物质平衡的冰川退缩可能出现于1960年代中期至1970年代中期.

关键词: 祁连山, 冰川变化, 遥感分析, 小冰期

Abstract: Variations of global land ice are of particular interest to global change scientists and governmental authorities, which concern the effects of glacier change on worldwide sea level change, glacial related disasters in mountainous regions and water resources in arid areas. For mountainous areas like high mountains and plateaus in Central Asian, glacier melt water plays an important role in the water supply for irrigation, industrial and common life, especially, in the drought years. In this paper, a comparative analysis is performed for glacier area variation since the maximum of the Little Ice Age (LIA) in the western Qilian Mountains, Northwest China. Glacier extents in the LIA maximum and in 1956 were derived from air photos and relevant photogrammetric maps. The extent in 1990 was extracted from Landsat TM image acquired in Sept. 1990, which was geometrically corrected by coregistering to the above-mentioned maps. It is found that total glacier area in four large river basins was in average 16.9% more than that in 1956 (Table 1). The satellite image of 1990 in the north part (Daxueshan Mountains) of the western Qilian Mountains demonstrated a glacier area decrease of 4.8% compared with that in 1956. An analysis has been performed for the data of glacier inventory of the western Qilian Mountains. The analysis shows that glacier area has close relationship to ice volume, as well as to glacier length. Thus, Glacier volume and length changes between the LIA and 1956 and between 1956 and 1990 can be calculated. Calculation shows that glacier volume and length changes were about 14.1% and 11.5% (relative to the situation in 1956) from the LIA to 1956. The calculation for the Daxueshan Mountains from 1956 to 1990 was extended to the western part of the Qilian Mountains by using the derived relations. It is revealed that glacier area and volume decreased by 10.3% and 9.3% during this period, which means that there was a much stronger recession of glaciers from 1956 to 1990, and correspondingly the rivers in this region have received an extra glacial runoff of about 50?108 m3.

Key words: Qilian Mountains, glacier change, remote sensing, Little Ice Age

中图分类号: 

  • P343.6