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冰川冻土 ›› 2002, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (4): 335-343.

• 研究论文 •    下一篇

黑河流域可持续发展的生态经济学研究

程国栋   

  1. 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所冻土工程国家重点实验室, 甘肃, 兰州, 730000
  • 收稿日期:2002-05-20 修回日期:2002-06-18 出版日期:2002-08-25 发布日期:2012-04-26
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目(KZCX1-10-03;KZCX1-09-04;KZCX1-10-07)资助

Study on the Sustainable Development in Heihe River Watershed from the View of Ecological Economics

CHENG Guo-dong   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Engineering, CAREERI, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China
  • Received:2002-05-20 Revised:2002-06-18 Online:2002-08-25 Published:2012-04-26

摘要: 黑河流域生态环境脆弱,经济发展相对落后,水资源短缺已成为制约流域可持续发展的主要限制因素,从生态经济系统的角度研究黑河流域的诸多生态经济问题具有很强的现实和理论意义.黑河流域的水资源不仅是流域社会经济环境可持续发展最主要的限制因子,而且是联系流域生态系统和经济系统的纽带.在系统总结国际上关于流域尺度生态经济研究状况、进展和黑河流域相关研究的基础上,提出了以水资源可持续利用研究为纽带的黑河流域生态经济综合研究框架,具体研究内容主要包括:1)生态过程模拟模型的研究;2)宏观经济水资源模拟模型的研究;3)环境变化条件下流域水资源可持续利用研究;4)水资源可持续利用管理研究;5)决策支持系统的研制.最后,根据现有的基础和条件,指出了在黑河流域生态经济综合研究中需要解决的关键问题。

关键词: 生态经济, 综合研究, 黑河流域

Abstract: Vulnerable environment and lagging economy are the main characteristics of the ecological economic system in Heihe River watershed located in the arid region of Northwest China. The shortage of water resources has become a main limiting factor for the sustainable development in the watershed. With population increasing and economy growth and during the development of water resources, there are many problems such as water used for environment impropriated by economic sectors, the distribution of water projects being unreasonable, conflicts among different stakeholders often occurring, and the management mechanism of the development of water resources needing reform, etc. Due to the interaction between ecological function and human economy, there exist practical and theoretic significances to study ecological economic problems occured in Heihe River watershed from the view of ecological economic system. Water resources are not only the most important limiting factor for the development of watershed’s economy, society and environment, but also the bridge between economic sub-system and ecological sub-system.The framework of the integrated study of ecology and economy, whose center was the sustainable development of water resources, was put forward based on the summary of international study about ecological economics in watershed scale and the relative studies in Heihe River watershed. The framework consists of five portions as follows: (1) study of simulation model of ecological process; (2) study of modeling the development of water resources based on macro-economy; (3) study of sustainable development of water resources under changing environmental conditions, including natural condition (climate change, etc.) and social-economic conditions (including China’s entering into WTO, etc.); (4) study of managing the sustainable development of water resources; (5) and study of decision-making support system, etc. Finally, it is identified that the following key problems should be solved: the construction of integrated ecological and economic accounting; the development of simulation model of ecological process in unit scale and transferring the model from unit scale into region scale, even the whole watershed scale; the valuation of ecosystem services and damage of eco-environment; the coupling of ecological model and economic model; the development of common model environment; and the policies of water resources management under market-economy system, etc.

Key words: ecological economy, integrated study, Heihe River watershed

中图分类号: 

  • F062.2