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冰川冻土 ›› 2002, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (4): 344-360.

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

可持续发展评估指标、方法及应用研究

张志强1, 程国栋2, 徐中民2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院资源环境科学信息中心, 甘肃兰州, 730000;
    2. 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所冻土工程国家重点实验室, 甘肃兰州, 730000
  • 收稿日期:2002-06-03 修回日期:2002-07-05 出版日期:2002-08-25 发布日期:2012-04-26
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目(KZCX1-10-07);中国科学院"西部之光"项目;中国科学院"文献信息与期刊领域引进优秀人才计划"项目资助

Review of Indicators and Methodologies for Measuring Sustainable Development and Their Applications

ZHANG Zhi-qiang1, CHENG Guo-dong2, XU Zhong-min2   

  1. 1. Scientific Information Center for Resources and Environment, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Engineering, CAREERI, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000
  • Received:2002-06-03 Revised:2002-07-05 Online:2002-08-25 Published:2012-04-26

摘要: 可持续发展评估指标及方法研究是可持续发展定量评估研究的基础,是实施可持续发展管理的依据,是生态经济学与可持续发展研究的前沿领域和热点问题之一.在概括介绍可持续发展评估的工具——指标/指数的概念和功能、国际上代表性可持续发展研究机构指标选取的原则的基础上,全面分析归纳了可持续发展指标(体系)的类型及其框架模式.详细介绍了联合国可持续发展委员会(UNCSD)、经济合作与发展组织(OECD)、世界保护同盟(IUCN)、世界银行等国际上代表性机构的可持续发展系统性指标体系的最新研究进展,并分析了这些系统性指标体系的优缺点.深入分析了国际上典型的社会发展类、经济发展类、生态环境类可持续发展指标(指数)的研究、开发与实际评估应用的情况.最后,总结了当前可持续发展指标(体系)研究的特点与趋势。

关键词: 可持续发展, 评估, 指标体系, 指数, 指标框架模式, 社会指标, 经济指标, 生态环境指标

Abstract: Management requires measurement. Managing activities and decision-making processes in order to move towards sustainable development requires new ways of assessing progress. Now as never before, international agencies, non-governmental organizations, governments and communities are concerned with establishing the means to assess and report progress towards sustainable development. Indicators are one important tool in this process. Therefore, the indicators and methodologies of measuring sustainability have been becoming one of the frontiers and hot issues of sustainable development research.Based on the brief introduction to the concept, function and selection criteria of indicators of sustainable development, the authors firstly identify the categories and framework models of indicator sets of sustainable development in detail. Secondly, several typical systematic sets of sustainable development indicators developed respectively by United Nations Commission for Sustainable Development, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, World Conservation Union and World Bank are reviewed, and the advantages and limitations of these indicator sets are also analyzed. Moreover, the authors conduct an in-depth analysis of the research, development and application of the most representative social indicators, economic indicators and eco-environmental indicators at international level. In the end, the properties and trends of the research on the indicators for sustainable development are pointed out.

Key words: sustainable development, assessment, indicator set, index, indicator framework model, social indicator, economic indicator, eco-environmental indicator

中图分类号: 

  • F062.2