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冰川冻土 ›› 2003, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (5): 491-497.

• 冰冻圈与全球变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

青藏高原现代最大冰原区第四纪冰川作用

易朝路1,2, 李孝泽3, 屈建军3   

  1. 1. 南京大学, 城市与资源学系, 江苏, 南京, 210093;
    2. 中国科学院, 寒区旱区环境与工程研究所冰芯与寒区环境重点实验室, 甘肃, 兰州, 730000;
    3. 中国科学院, 寒区旱区环境与工程研究所沙漠与沙漠化重点实验室, 甘肃, 兰州, 730000
  • 收稿日期:2002-11-06 修回日期:2002-12-20 出版日期:2003-10-25 发布日期:2012-04-26
  • 作者简介:易朝路(1959-), 男, 湖北监利人, 教授, 1996年在北京大学获博士学位, 现从事第四纪冰川研究.E-mail:clyi@nju.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(40271016;40272079);国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(G1998040802);中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所冰芯与寒区环境重点实验室项目资助

Quaternary Glaciations in Puruogangri——the Largest Modern Ice Field in Tibetan Plateau

YI Chao-lu1,2, LI Xiao-ze3, QU Jian-jun3   

  1. 1. Department of Geography, Nanjing University, Nanjing Jiangsu 210093, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Ice Core and Environments of Cold Regions, CAREERI, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China;
    3. Key Laboratary of Desert and Desert and Desertification, CAREERI, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China
  • Received:2002-11-06 Revised:2002-12-20 Online:2003-10-25 Published:2012-04-26

摘要: 普若岗日冰原是青藏高原最大的冰原,总面积达400km2.野外观察表明,从现代冰舌前端开始向山外有5套终碛垄和侧碛垄系列,分别称之为冰碛垄Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ、Ⅳ和Ⅴ.根据地貌位置、地层关系、相对风化程度、风的改造程度和覆盖在有冰川漂砾的戈壁上的沙子的电子自旋共振(ESR)年代,并与中国西部山地第四纪冰川数值年代比较,这些冰碛垄分别形成于现代冰川、小冰期、新冰期、末次冰期晚阶段和早阶段.冰碛垄V中的花岗岩漂砾散布于距山前6km以内的山麓平原,说明在第四纪晚期冰原西坡的古冰川虽到达山麓平原,但未能与邻近山地古冰川相连形成统一大冰盖.

关键词: 普若岗日冰原, 青藏高原, 5套冰碛垄, 相对年代, 第四纪

Abstract: Puruogangri Ice Field, the largest modern ice field in the Tibetan Plateau with an area of over 400 km2 in total, is in the inner plateau. Although it is very difficult to reach, the scale of the ice field makes it important to study the Quaternary Glaciation in this inland area to determine whether there was a unified ice sheet in the Tibetan Plateau during the Quaternary period. Field observation showed that there are five moraine groups, termed Moraine I to V, of the teriminals moraines and lateral moraines from the teriminals of modern glaciers to the piedmont. Based on geomorphic locations, stratigraphic correlation, relative weathering, reworked degrees by wind action and ESR dating of erratic sands on the gobi, as well as through comparison with the Quaternary glaciations with numerical ages in western Chinese mountains, it is identified that these moraine groups represent the modern moraine, the Little Ice Age, Neoglacial, the late stage of the Last Glaciation and the early stage of the Last Glaciation, respectively. The granite boulders of Moraine V are scattered on the extensive peneplain, 6 km away from the mountain front. This suggests that the ancient glaciers in the west slopes of the ice field advanced to the piedmont during the late Pleistocene, but did not integrate with the ice in the mountains nearby to form a unified ice sheet.

Key words: Puruogangri Ice Field, Tibetan Plateau, five moraines, relative age, Quaternary

中图分类号: 

  • P343.6