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冰川冻土 ›› 2006, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (4): 485-491.

• 冰冻圈与全球变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

黑河流域水资源及现阶段合理开发利用

魏余广1, 白福2, 张太岭2   

  1. 1. 甘肃省有色金属地勘局, 甘肃, 兰州, 730000;
    2. 甘肃省地矿局第二地质矿产勘查院, 甘肃, 兰州, 700020
  • 收稿日期:2006-01-17 修回日期:2006-02-10 出版日期:2006-08-25 发布日期:2012-04-26
  • 基金资助:
    国土资源部科技专项计划项目(200010303-02)资助

Water Resource of Heihe River and Scientific Utilization at Present Phase

WEI Yu-guang1, BAI Fu2, ZHANG Tai-ling2   

  1. 1. Gansu Non-Ferrous Engineering Exploration and Design Research Institute, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China;
    2. Second Mining Exploration Institute of Gansu Province, Geology and Mining Bureau, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China
  • Received:2006-01-17 Revised:2006-02-10 Online:2006-08-25 Published:2012-04-26

摘要: 黑河是我国西部较大的一条内陆河,近30多年来,由于中游地区水资源开发利用程度不断提高,使进入下游额济纳平原的地表水逐渐减少,导致下游生态环境发生恶化.为了拯救下游绿洲,改善生态环境,自1992年起对黑河中、下游用水实行计划调度,1999年开始实施国家定量分水方案.根据近几年的最新调查研究成果,计算评价了黑河流域的总水资源、地表水资源、地下水资源、地表水和地下水的利用现状及开采潜力.在此基础上,提出现阶段中游以加强引输水工程改造、提高地表水资源利用率和推广田间节水灌溉工程,发挥水利用效益;下游以适度开发利用地下水、加强地表水和地下水综合开发利用,改善生态环境.为中、下游科学分配地表水资源和合理开发利用地下水资源提供科学依据.

关键词: 黑河流域, 地表水资源, 地下水资源, 合理开发利用

Abstract: The Heihe River is one of longer inland rivers in West China,in the past 30 years,as the continuous increasing of water resource use at the middle and lower reaches of the Heihe River basin has led to less surface water into the Ejin plain and the ecoenvironmental deterioration of the lower reaches.For maintaining the lower oases,since 1992 the water using of the middle and lower reaches of the river basin had been controlled,and a state quantitative allocation scheme of water resources for middle and lower reaches has been put in practice.The research plan of rational using water started after that.This article referenced the recent fruits of the research,recomputing and reevaluating the total water resources,surface water resources,groundwater resources,the current use situation of the surface water and groundwater and the reserves of the Heihe River basin entirely,basing on the truth,the mode of utilizing surface water and groundwater together that the middle region should strength rebuilding water-transport protects,increase the ratio of surface water using,popularize water-saving irrigation projects,develop utilizing benefit of water resources;the lower region should adopt groundwater reasonably,reinforce comprehesive utilizing of surface water and groundwater,improve eco-environmental.This is scientific basis for water utilization at the present phase.

Key words: Heihe River Basin, groundwater resource, surface water resources, rational development and utilization

中图分类号: 

  • P964