X img

官方微信

img

群号:冰川冻土交流群

QQ群:218834310

高级检索
作者投稿 专家审稿 编辑办公 编委办公 主编办公

冰川冻土 ›› 2006, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (4): 519-525.

• 冰冻圈与全球变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

前期土壤含水量对水文模拟不确定性影响分析

刘金涛1,2,3, 张佳宝1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院, 南京土壤研究所, 封丘农田生态系统国家试验站, 土壤与农业可持续发展国家重点实验室, 江苏, 南京, 210008;
    2. 河海大学, 水文水资源与水利工程科学国家重点实验室, 江苏, 南京, 210098;
    3. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京, 100049
  • 收稿日期:2005-12-23 修回日期:2006-03-11 出版日期:2006-08-25 发布日期:2012-04-26
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2005CB121103)资助

Effect of Antecedent Soil Water Content on the Uncertainty of Hydrological Simulation

LIU Jin-tao1,2,3, ZHANG Jia-bao1   

  1. 1. Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing Jiangsu 210008, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory ofHydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing Jiangsu 210098, China;
    3. Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2005-12-23 Revised:2006-03-11 Online:2006-08-25 Published:2012-04-26

摘要: 前期土壤含水量是影响洪水形成的重要流域物理因素,在该次水文模拟中土壤初始含水量采用新安江日模型计算得出.研究中,通过改变日模型模拟的时间长度TP,来研究初始时刻土壤含水量的变化对洪水模拟精度的影响.结果表明:初始土壤含水量对于洪水模拟的精度有显著影响,不同日模型计算时间可以使次洪初始土壤蓄水量W的变化达到42%,而相应的洪峰偏差达到57.7%.土壤和降雨观测数据分析显示,土壤体积含水量与前期累积降雨量有一定地相关关系.为有效解决传统模型与流域真实物理属性数据的融合问题,初步建立了实测土壤体积含水量数据与模型中土壤湿度参数及前期降雨的经验关系.

关键词: 初始土壤含水量, 洪水模拟, 不确定性

Abstract: Antecedent soil water content is an important physical factor for hydrological response at a watershed outlet.In hydrological modeling,initial soil water content is calculated by data.In this paper,uncertainty in hydrological simulation is studied by altering antecedent soil water content parameters of the distributed hydrology model.The initial soil water content has prominent influence on the accuracy of hydrological modeling results,especially for the hydrological processes with rare antecedent rainfall.The relationship between observed soil volume water content and antecedent rainfall is given.The correlation coefficient is high between soil volume water content and 15-day antecedent rainfall.The experiential relationship of the observed soil volume water content,antecedent precipitation and the soil moisture parameters is researched in order to provide a way for combining volume water content with soil water parameters in a conceptual model.This relationship facilitates the combination between traditional model and physical features of the basin,which will improve the accuracy and reliability of hydrological simulation.

Key words: antecedent soil water content, flood modeling, uncertainty

中图分类号: 

  • P333