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作者投稿 专家审稿 编辑办公 编委办公 主编办公

冰川冻土 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (6): 1848-1860.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2021.0116

• 冰冻圈与可持续发展 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. 1.中国科学院 西北生态环境资源研究院 冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室/玉龙雪山冰冻圈与可持续发展野外科学观测研究站,甘肃 兰州 730000
    2.中国科学院大学 资源环境学院,北京 100049
    3.兰州大学 管理学院,甘肃 兰州 730000
    4.兰州新区消防救援支队,甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-20 修回日期:2020-10-13 出版日期:2021-12-31 发布日期:2022-01-28
  • 作者简介:王世金,研究员,主要从事冰冻圈与可持续发展研究. E-mail: wangshijin@lzb.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

Comprehensive risk management of multiple natural disasters on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

Shijin WANG1,2(),Yanqiang WEI1,Chunhua NIU3,Yunfei ZHANG4   

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences / Yulong Snow Mountain Cryosphere and Sustainable Development Field Science Observation and Research Station,Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000,China
    2.College of Resources and Environment,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China
    3.School of Management,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou 730000,China
    4.Fire and Rescue Detachment of Lanzhou New Area,Lanzhou 730000,China
  • Received:2020-07-20 Revised:2020-10-13 Online:2021-12-31 Published:2022-01-28



关键词: 青藏高原, 多灾种, 自然灾害, 风险管理


The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) is a key region with diverse and frequent natural disasters in China. Earthquakes, landslides, mud-rock flows, glacial lake outburst, and snow disasters are widely developed in the region, which have a wide distribution of disasters and huge damage and impact, and have become an important constraint to the sustainable and healthy development of the plateau’s economy and society. The risk levels of natural disasters on the QTP have obvious spatial heterogeneity. The high-risk areas for earthquakes, landslides, mudslides, and glacial lake outbursts generally located in a large area on the southern and eastern edge of the QTP as a whole, which is also the area where multiple disasters occur frequently. Many road networks and pipe networks are located in this area, which has great potential hazards. The QTP has complex topography and landforms, strong spatial heterogeneity of climate change, developed cryosphere, extensive transportation and other infrastructures, and poor economic conditions. These factors have formed the main hazard factors and disaster-generating environment for the development of multi-natural disasters. The QTP is affected by multiple disaster-causing factors, and the multi-disaster-bearing bodies overlap. It is urgent to strengthen the comprehensive management and control of multi-natural disaster risks. The dominant idea of comprehensive risk control is that decision makers use the research results of multiple disasters mechanisms to prevent, mitigate or avoid comprehensive risks of multi-natural disasters through engineering and non-engineering measures with the help of the concept of joint prevention and control of various departments. Specific comprehensive risk management and control strategies include real-time monitoring/observation, information sharing, multi-ministerial consultation, mass observation and mass preparedness, education and training of disaster prevention, disaster insurance, and pre-disaster planning.

Key words: Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, multiple natural disasters, natural disasters, risk management


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