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冰川冻土 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (2): 549-557.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2016.0061

• 生态经济与可持续发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

劳动力转移特征变量对农户生计资本的影响分析——以甘肃省为例

苏芳   

  1. 兰州理工大学 经济管理学院, 甘肃 兰州 730050
  • 收稿日期:2015-10-27 修回日期:2016-03-22 出版日期:2016-04-25 发布日期:2016-07-13
  • 作者简介:苏芳(1981-),女,甘肃兰州人,副教授,2009年在中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所获博士学位,主要从事区域经济与生态经济研究.E-mail:sofineyy@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41401653);甘肃省哲学社会科学基金项目(14YN047)资助

Impact of characteristic variable with labor transfer on livelihood capitals for farmers:based on survey data from Gansu Province

SU Fang   

  1. School of Economics and Management, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China
  • Received:2015-10-27 Revised:2016-03-22 Online:2016-04-25 Published:2016-07-13

摘要: 新型城镇化建设鼓励农村剩余劳动力向城市转移,同时农村劳动力转移的持续发展又进一步加大了对新型城镇化建设的支持力度.由于劳动者的整体素质较低以及务工领域低端化等因素的存在,农村劳动力转移具有一定的脆弱性.甘肃省城镇化水平滞后、城乡差距较大等问题依然突出,农户作为农村地区最主要的经济活动主体与最基本的决策单位,劳动力转移的状况直接影响到其生计水平和区域生态安全.以甘肃省14个地州市为研究区,通过对可持续生计框架的应用,揭示劳动力转移的关键性因素,定量评估劳动力转移对农户生计资本的影响程度,总结出有利于提高甘肃省农户发展能力、改善农户生计水平的政策建议,从而为促进西部地区可持续发展、缓解贫困、实现精准扶贫提供参考依据.

关键词: 劳动力转移, 可持续生计, 生计资本

Abstract: The construction of new urbanization helps to accelerate a progress of transferring to cities for rural surplus labor, while a continuing development of transferring for rural surplus labor steppes up an effort with construction of new urbanization. Because of the presence of lower overall quality for workers and the low level in the field of workers, there is certain vulnerability in the process of transfer for rural workers. The problems that lower level of urbanization, a significant gap between urban and rural areas and other problems are still prominent. Farmers are the most important economic activity body and basic decision-making unit. Labor flows affect the livelihood of farmers and ecological security directly. Based on data from 14 prefecture-level cities in Gansu Province, the article evaluates a status of livelihood capitals quantitatively for farmers of labor transfer by a framework of sustainable livelihood. On this basis, this research discloses a change in the course of labor circulation and an impact of labor transfer on livelihood level. Finally, this article presents policy recommendations in order to improve development capacity of farmers in the Gansu Province in the context of labor circulation.

Key words: labor turnover, sustainable livelihood, livelihood capital

中图分类号: 

  • F323