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冰川冻土 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 1039-1046.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2017.0115

• 冰冻圈与全球变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

2010-2016年国际极地研究综合评价分析

牛艺博, 张树良, 赵纪东, 熊永兰, 吴秀平   

  1. 中国科学院 兰州文献情报中心, 甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-10 修回日期:2017-10-21 出版日期:2017-10-25 发布日期:2018-01-27
  • 作者简介:牛艺博(1990-),男,甘肃通渭人,研究实习员,2015年在兰州交通大学获硕士学位,从事科技评价与可视化方法、GIS等方面的研究.E-mail:niuyb@llas.ac.cn.
  • 基金资助:
    中国极地研究中心委托项目(Y6DK461001);国家自然科学基金项目(41671535);中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院青年人才成长基金项目(牛艺博);中国科学院兰州文献情报中心文献情报创新能力建设项目(牛艺博)资助

Comprehensive evaluation and analysis of the international polar research from 2010 to 2016

NIU Yibo, ZHANG Shuliang, ZHAO Jidong, XIONG Yonglan, WU Xiuping   

  1. Lanzhou Literature and Information Center of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2017-10-10 Revised:2017-10-21 Online:2017-10-25 Published:2018-01-27

摘要: 极地在气候系统、全球资源和战略中具有重要意义,并且随着人类对它的开发,极地研究也日益成为地球与环境科学领域的核心和热点议题。基于Web of Science数据库收录的2010-2016年SCI文章,利用文献计量方法,结合国际政策和战略,分析了2010-2016年极地研究的发展格局和变化趋势。结果表明:(1)近年来国际极地研究论文年发文量总体呈持续增长态势,年均增幅为3.6%。(2)发达国家及高纬度国家是极地领域的主要研究力量,美国占据绝对优势。(3)在SCI发表的国际极地研究论文来源期刊共计915种,来自57个国家,美国期刊占1/3。(4)结合欧盟极地研究优先领域和文献计量方法得出,极地研究未来新的发展方向侧重于人文及社会因素,重点提倡人类对极地的影响以及新技术应用。建议我国科研人员密切关注国际极地研究的发展态势和进展,鼓励海洋学、气象学、地质学、环境生态学、生物学、社会学和政治学等领域专家有计划地开展极地研究,为我国赢取极地研究国际发言权和参与度。

关键词: 文献计量, 极地, 科技政策, 态势分析

Abstract: Polar research is of great significance in the climate system, global resources and strategies. With the high development in the polar region, polar research has increasingly become the core and a hot topic in the field of earth and environment. The development pattern and trends of polar research from 2010 to 2016 were analyzed based on the SCI articles about polar research included in the Web of Science database and using the bibliometric methods and international policies and strategies. The results show that:(1) The number of articles published in international polar research in recent years had been increasing at an average annual rate of 3.6%. (2) Developed countries and countries at high latitudes were the major research forces in polar regions, among which the United States had taken absolute superiority. (3) A total of 915 SCI-sourced periodicals had published international polar research articles from 57 countries, among which the United States journals had accounted for one-third. (4) By combing the EU's priority research areas of polar research with literature measurement method, it is concluded that the new development direction of polar research in the future will focus on humanities and social factors, and emphasized the influence of human civilization and new technology application on polar research. It is suggested that Chinese researchers should pay close attention to the development and progress of the international polar research, and encourage experts in the field of oceanography, meteorology, geology, ecology environment, biology, sociology and political sciences to carry out polar studies in a planned way and win the voice and participation in the international polar research.

Key words: bibliometrics, polar, science and technology policy, situation analysis

中图分类号: 

  • G250.252