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冰川冻土 ›› 2014, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (6): 1465-1470.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2014.0174

• 冰冻圈与全球变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

阿尔金山国家级自然保护区冬、夏季气象状况分析

艾山江·阿不都赛买提1, 李真2   

  1. 1. 新疆阿尔金山国家级自然保护区管理局, 新疆 库尔勒 841000;
    2. 中国科学院 寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2014-05-28 修回日期:2014-09-15 出版日期:2014-12-25 发布日期:2015-01-20
  • 通讯作者: 李真, E-mail: lizhen@lzb.ac.cn E-mail:lizhen@lzb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:艾山江·阿不都赛买提(1984-),男,维吾尔族,新疆泽普人,2005年毕业于新疆农业大学,现主要从事气候与环境方面的研究.E-mail:349348687@qq.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40930526; 40601021)资助

Preliminary analysis of the summer and winter meteorological conditions in Altun Mountain National Nature Reserve

Aishanjiang Abudousaimaiti1, LI Zhen2   

  1. 1. Altun Mountain National Nature Reserve Administration, Korla 841000, Xinjiang, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2014-05-28 Revised:2014-09-15 Online:2014-12-25 Published:2015-01-20

摘要:

根据阿尔金山国家级自然保护区自动气象站冬、夏季数据资料, 对该区冬、夏气象状况的特点进行了分析. 结果表明: 阿尔金山国家级自然保护区是新疆中部气温低值中心之一, 冬季平均气温-14.0 ℃ 左右, 夏季平均气温9.0 ℃左右. 日温差大, 冬季日较差平均值为16.0 ℃, 夏季为12.0 ℃. 夏季多风, 日平均瞬时风速3.6 m·s-1, 高于冬季日平均瞬时风速2.4 m·s-1; 年降水量可达300 mm, 主要集中在夏季, 表现为雨暖同期.

关键词: 阿尔金山国家级自然保护区, 气温, 降水量

Abstract:

According to the meteorological data recorded by an automatic meteorological station in Altun Mountain National Nature Reserve, the characteristics of summer and winter meteorological conditions are analyzed. It is found that the Altun Mountain National Nature Reserve is one low-temperature center in the central Xinjiang. The air temperature averaged in winter is -14.0 ℃, about 10.0 ℃ lower than that in Hotan and 6-8 ℃ lower than that in the similar latitude areas such as Yining and Hami. The mean air temperature in summer is 9.0 ℃, 15 ℃ lower than that in surrounding areas generally. Instantaneous wind speed averaged in summer is 3.6 m·s-1, higher than that in the winter, 2.4 m·s-1. Precipitation is high to 300 mm·a-1, mainly concentrated in summer, showing a characteristic of warm-rain over the same period.

Key words: Altun Mountain National Nature Reserve, air temperature, precipitation

中图分类号: 

  • P468