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冰川冻土 ›› 2015, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (6): 1708-1716.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2015.0188

• 生态经济与可持续发展 • 上一篇    

2001-2010年我国环境管理制度执行情况研究及对策措施

刘理臣, 程艳芳, 刘永畅   

  1. 兰州大学 资源环境学院, 甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-22 修回日期:2015-10-14 出版日期:2015-12-25 发布日期:2016-05-11
  • 通讯作者: 程艳芳,E-mail:chengyf14@lzu.edu.cn. E-mail:chengyf14@lzu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:刘理臣(1981-),男,河南镇平人,副教授,2008年毕业于兰州大学,主要从事区域发展与环境规划管理方面的研究.E-mail:liulch@lzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271184);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(LZUJBKY-2014-209)资助

Study of the implementation and countermeasures of China's environmental management system from 2001 to 2010

LIU Lichen, CHENG Yanfang, LIU Yongchang   

  1. College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2015-05-22 Revised:2015-10-14 Online:2015-12-25 Published:2016-05-11

摘要: 环境管理制度的改革是全面推动生态文明建设的迫切需要, 研究现今我国环境管理制度执行情况及存在的问题就显得尤为重要. 基于2001-2010年的相关数据, 应用统计分析和比较分析的方法, 主要探讨了我国这十年来环境管理制度的执行情况, 具体分析了环境法制、环境信访、机构建设、环境科技、环境影响评价、"三同时"六大制度执行情况的特点以及存在的问题. 在此基础上, 提出了完善环境管理制度的对策建议. 通过研究发现, 环境管理制度的执行情况较好, 但仍存在环境犯罪处罚概率低、环保执法力度偏软、环境信访各污染类型不平衡、环境科研投入产出失衡等突出问题. 期望通过解决环境管理制度执行中的问题, 充分发挥体制的活力和效能, 为解决生态环境保护领域的深层次矛盾和问题提供制度保障.

关键词: 环境管理制度, 执行情况, 对策措施, 生态文明

Abstract: Reform of environmental regulatory system is the basis of promoting the ecological civilization construction, and analysis of the present implementation and problems of the environmental regulatory system is very important. In this paper, based on the data from 2001 to 2010, through the systems analysis and comparative analysis, the implementation of environmental management system in China from 2001 to 2010 is discussed. Comprehensively analyzing the characteristics and the problems of the six systems (environmental legislative, environmental correspondence and visitation, organization construction, environmental technology, environmental impact assessment, "Three Simultaneousness" system), and put forward countermeasure and suggestion to improve the implement of environmental management system."Three Simultaneousness" system means that in a building project, facilities for prevention and control of pollution must simultaneously design, construction and go into operation. Through the analysis, it is found that environmental management system were well implemented. However, there were also many prominent problems, such as low punishment rate to the environmental crime, weak of enforcement power in environmental protection, imbalance of pollution types complained and imbalance between input and output in environmental scientific researches. It is expected that through solving the problems in the environment management system, adequately excavating the vitality and efficiency of the system and providing the system safeguard to solve the deep-seated contradictions and problems in the field of environmental protection.

Key words: environmental management system, implementation, counter measures, ecological civilization

中图分类号: 

  • X322