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作者投稿 专家审稿 编辑办公 编委办公 主编办公

冰川冻土 ›› 2015, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (5): 1420-1427.doi: 10.7522/j.isnn.1000-0240.2015.0157

• 生态经济与可持续发展 • 上一篇    下一篇


曹开军1 2, 杨兆萍1, 孟现勇1 3, 韩芳1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院 新疆生态与地理研究所, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830011;
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;
    3. 新疆大学 资源与环境学院, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830046
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-16 修回日期:2015-07-22 出版日期:2015-10-25 发布日期:2016-03-28
  • 通讯作者: 杨兆萍,E-mail:yangzp@ms.xjb.ac.cn. E-mail:yangzp@ms.xjb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:曹开军(1987-),男,新疆伊犁人,2011年毕业于新疆师范大学,现为中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所在读博士研究生,主要从事旅游地理、旅游信息化研究.E-mail:ckjun@sina.cn
  • 基金资助:

An evaluation of tourism climate suitability in Altay Prefecture

CAO Kaijun1 2, YANG Zhaoping1, MENG Xianyong1 3, HAN Fang1   

  1. 1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ürümqi 830011, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. School of Resources and Environment Sciences of Xinjiang University, Ürümqi 830046, China
  • Received:2015-05-16 Revised:2015-07-22 Online:2015-10-25 Published:2016-03-28

摘要: 气候的舒适度是游客选择旅游目的地的重要影响因素之一,利用1960-2013年近54 a的研究区气象统计资料,结合地理信息系统(GIS)空间分析方法,并考虑气温垂直递减规律这一因素,分析了阿勒泰地区500 m×500 m分辨率栅格尺度的逐月温湿指数、风效指数、着衣指数及综合舒适指数,通过对4个指数所反映的舒适度和舒适期进行对比分析,发现综合舒适指数可从客观角度反映气候因素对人体感觉的综合影响,能达到较为精准的评估效果.研究表明:阿勒泰旅游气候舒适度变化受当地地形和季节变化的影响较大,旅游舒适度季节变化明显,适宜户外旅游的舒适期短暂.季节变化中,冬季不适宜开展户外旅游活动;春季阿尔泰山山区气候舒适度不舒适,山区以南和西南萨吾尔山以北舒适度较不舒适;夏季分布在额尔齐斯河以北的山麓和山间河谷地区,以及青河县中部和南部,富蕴县南部地区人体感觉舒适,占全区总面积的39.62%,其余大部分区域较舒适;秋季分布在哈巴河县、布尔津县、阿勒泰市南部及福海县中部和南部区域感觉较舒适,占全区总面积的36.79%.阿勒泰地区旅游舒适期为1~5个月,旅游资源的空间分布契合该地区旅游舒适期的区域空间分布,利于本地区进行旅游开发和旅游活动.

关键词: 栅格分析, 旅游气候舒适度, 阿勒泰地区

Abstract: Climate comfort degree(CCD) is one of most important factors which can affect the tourists choosing tourism destination. 54-a climate data(from 1960 to 2013) were selected in this paper as the input data; using GIS spatial analysis method the temperature humidity index(THI), wind chill index(K), index of clothing(ICL) and comprehensive comfort index(C) were calculated in monthly scale for Altay Prefecture within 500 m500 m grid size with consideration of temperature lapse. After comparatively analyzing the differences between climate comfort and comfort period of the four indexes(THI, K, ICL and C), it was found that the comprehensive comfort indexes can reflect the comprehensive effect of human feeling about climate factors from an objective view, and can achieve more accurate assessment results. In addition, it was also found that the tourism climatic comfort levels are greatly influenced by terrain and season in Altay Prefecture. Travel comfort level changes obvious, and outdoor travel comfortable period is short. Winter is not suitable for outdoor activities and spring is still not comfortable in the southern hilly areas and plains of the Altay Mountains. While in summer, the human feeling is better both in the hilly areas and the mountain valleys, accounting for 39.62% of the total, with the rest areas of less comfortable. The south of Habahe, Burqin, Altay and the central and south of Fuhai are feeling more comfortable in autumn. Travel comfortable period in Altay Prefecture lasts 1 to 5 months, with regional distribution of tourism resources fitting for climate characteristics, which is conducive to develop tourism in the prefecture.

Key words: raster analysis, tourism climate suitability, Altay Prefecture


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