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冰川冻土 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (6): 1630-1643.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2016.0191

• 寒区科学与技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

山地冰川储量估算方法研究进展

张伟1,2, 韩海东1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院 西北生态环境资源研究院 冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2016-05-20 修回日期:2016-11-02 出版日期:2016-12-25 发布日期:2017-04-06
  • 通讯作者: 韩海东,E-mail:hhd@lzb.ac.cn E-mail:hhd@lzb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:张伟(1990-),女,山东临沂人,2013年毕业于鲁东大学,现为中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院在读硕士研究生,从事冰川储量估算研究.E-mail:zhangwei2015@lzb.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41271078;41130641);中国科学院重点部署项目(KJZD-EW-G03-04)资助

A review of the ice volume estimation of mountain glaciers

ZHANG Wei1,2, HAN Haidong1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2016-05-20 Revised:2016-11-02 Online:2016-12-25 Published:2017-04-06

摘要:

冰储量数据是预测冰川及海平面未来变化的初始参量,对其研究具有重要的理论与现实意义。目前冰储量估算的主要方法有实地测量法、经验公式法和物理分析法。系统分析和讨论了此三类估算方法的原理、发展现状及存在的问题,为山地冰川储量估算及冰川变化模拟研究等提供了方法参考。实地测量法估算精度高,适合中小型冰川的长期监测;经验公式法简单快速,适合大区域或全球性的冰储量估算;物理分析法相对复杂,优点是无需实测冰厚资料输入。机载测厚雷达、无人机等器测技术以及人工神经网络等理论模型为山地冰川储量估算的发展提供了新契机。

关键词: 山地冰川, 冰储量, 估算方法

Abstract:

Ice volume data is the initial parameters for predicting glacier variation and sea-level change. Therefore, research on ice volume estimation has important theoretical and practical significance. Methods of estimating mountain glacier volume can be divided into the following categories: field survey, empirical formula method and physical analysis method. The principles, development status and existing problems of these methods were analyzed in this paper in order to provide reference for the future estimation and simulation of mountain glacier volume. Field survey has high accuracy, which is suitable for long-term monitoring small glaciers. Empirical formula method is simple and rapid, suitable for large regional or global ice volume estimation. Physical analysis method is relatively complex, but it is not necessary to have initial parameters. Air-borne glacier penetrating radar, UAV, ANN theory and other theoretical model provide new opportunities for estimating mountain glacier volume.

Key words: mountain glaciers, ice volume, estimation methods

中图分类号: 

  • P343.6