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冰川冻土 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (4): 902-909.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2017.0100

• 生态经济与可持续发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国滑雪旅游目的地空间格局、存在问题及其发展对策

王世金1, 徐新武2,4, 邓婕3,4, 周蓝月1,4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院 西北生态环境资源研究院 冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    2. 中国气象局, 北京 100081;
    3. 中国科学院 西北生态环境资源研究院 遥感与地理信息科学研究室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    4. 中国科学院大学 资源与环境学院, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2017-08-26 修回日期:2017-09-29 出版日期:2017-08-25 发布日期:2017-11-15
  • 作者简介:王世金(1975-),男,副研究员,2011年在中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所获博士学位,从事冰雪旅游开发与规划方面的研究.E-mail:xiaohanjin@126.com.
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金委重大项目“中国冰冻圈服务功能形成机理与综合区划研究”(41690143);甘肃省自然科学基金项目(1506RJZA288);中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所科技服务网络计划(HHS-TSS-STS-1501)资助

Chinese skiing-tourism destination:spatial patterns, existing problems and development countermeasures

WANG Shijin1, XU Xinwu2,4, DENG Jie3,4, ZHOU Lanyue1,4   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Science, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, China;
    3. Laboratory of Remote Sensing and Geospatial Science, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    4. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2017-08-26 Revised:2017-09-29 Online:2017-08-25 Published:2017-11-15

摘要: 近年来中国滑雪旅游发展迅速、市场需求旺盛,但是对比瑞士、法国、奥地利、美国、日本等滑雪发达国家,中国滑雪旅游起步较晚、滑雪运动普及率低、滑雪运动意识较弱,滑雪旅游市场和产业化仍处于初级阶段,滑雪旅游经济潜力仍未完全挖掘出来。鉴于此,文章系统揭示了过热的市场需求进而引发的滑雪场空间布局不合理、生态环境破坏严重、滑雪项目产品单一、冰雪专业技术人员短缺等诸多现实问题,提出了加快全国冰雪-气候资源调查与评估、滑雪旅游目的地规划、全国滑雪场环境督察、滑雪场四季经营模式探索、冰雪专业技术队伍培养等应对这些问题的对策,以规范当前不合理的滑雪场空间布局和混乱的滑雪旅游市场,促使中国滑雪旅游向可持续发展方向迈进。该研究对于科学指导中国滑雪旅游及其产业健康、持续发展具有重要的指导意义。

关键词: 滑雪旅游目的地, 空间格局, 存在问题, 发展对策, 中国

Abstract: Compared with the developed skiing countries, such as Switzerland, France, Austria, the U.S. and Japan, etc., Chinese skiing-tourism has started late and developed slowly; penetration rate of skiing has been relatively low, the consciousness of ski and sport has been relatively weak, and the skiing-tourism markets and industrialization is still in an initial stage. Comparison with unlimited potential of snow cover resources, Chinese skiing industry has not been developed well, and the potential of skiing-tourism economy has not fully excavated. Based on above reasons, in this study, spatial pattern of Chinese skiing-tourism destination is analyzed systematically. Some main problems in spatial planning of skiing-tourism spots and in the process of ski spot construction and management are discussed. Finally, several safeguard mechanisms are put forward to deal with these problems. It is believed that this study has a certain theoretical significance for scientifically guiding Chinese skiing-tourism to develop healthfully and sustainably.

Key words: Chinese skiing-tourism destination, spatial patterns, existing problems, development countermeasures, China

中图分类号: 

  • F592.3