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冰川冻土 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (4): 910-916.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2017.0101

• 生态经济与可持续发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于IHPACT等式的可持续消费分析——以水足迹视角下张掖市低水消费模式为例

尚海洋1, 丁杨2   

  1. 1. 兰州财经大学 农林经济管理学院, 甘肃 兰州 730020;
    2. 兰州财经大学 经济学院, 甘肃 兰州 730020
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-25 修回日期:2017-06-25 出版日期:2017-08-25 发布日期:2017-11-15
  • 通讯作者: 丁杨,E-mail:dingyang703@sina.cn E-mail:dingyang703@sina.cn
  • 作者简介:尚海洋(1981-),男,辽宁沈阳人,教授,2009年在中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所获博士学位,从事生态经济和区域经济研究.E-mail:haiyangshang@sina.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(17XJY018);教育部人文社科规划基金项目(16YJAZH051);甘肃省科技支撑计划软科学专项(1604ZCRA020);国家自然科学基金项目(41201595)资助

Analysis framework of sustainable consumption based on IHPACT:take the low water consumption pattern in Zhangye Prefecture in the perspective of water footprint as a case

SHANG Haiyang1, DING Yang2   

  1. 1. School of Agriculture and Forestry Economics and Management, Lanzhou University of Finance and Economics, Lanzhou 730020, China;
    2. School of Economics, Lanzhou University of Finance and Economics, Lanzhou 730020, China
  • Received:2016-09-25 Revised:2017-06-25 Online:2017-08-25 Published:2017-11-15

摘要: "低碳"已成为全球瞩目的焦点话题,成为人类社会的共识,而对于21世纪人类面临的最为严峻的现实问题之——水资源危机,迫使人们不得不及早关注"低水"问题。人口的增长、技术的变化和消费的增加被认为是产生环境危机的最主要的三个原因。当前消费引起的环境问题却没有得到足够的重视和深入的研究。经典的IPAT建立了人文因素与环境影响间的影响关系的账户恒等式,通过对IPAT等式的扩展,得到分析影响可持续消费影响因素、指导可持续消费政策制定的IHPACT框架,并从水足迹视角,基于黑河流域张掖市水足迹调查与核算数据,探讨了该分析框架的可行性与必要性。研究结果表明:减少食物消费中水足迹奢侈品肉类的消费(多吃蔬菜少吃肉)可以有效地调节居民消费水足迹;消费能力的进一步提高将增加居民消费水足迹,但以水足迹表征的环境影响与消费能力两者间环境Kuznets曲线假说成立,即消费能力的提高最终将会降低消费的环境影响。

关键词: 水足迹, IPAT, IHPACT, 可持续消费

Abstract: "Low-carbon" has been the topical focus of global attention and becomes a common view in society at large, while the water crisis, that is one of the most severe questions of reality human facing in 21st century, compels us to pay close attention to the low water problems as soon as possible. Population growth, technological change and increased consumption are considered to be the three most important reasons generating environmental crisis. The environmental problems caused by consumption do not get enough attention and in-depth study at present. Classical IPAT built the identical equation of accounts, which is about the influencing relationship between humanity factor and environmental implication. According to extending IPAT equation, in this paper, influence factors are obtained, which are used to analyze influencing sustainable consumption, and direct the IHPACT frame, which is set by sustainable consumption policy. Meanwhile, this feasibility and necessity are discussed of the analysis framework from the perspective of water footprint based on the study and accounting data of Zhangye Prefecture in the Heihe River basin. The research results indicated that decreasing meat consumption, known as water footprint luxury, in food consuming ("eating more vegetables and eating less meat") can effectively adjust residential consumption water footprint; the more enhance of power of consumption will increase residential consumption water footprint. However, Kuznets curve hypothesis about the relation between environmental influence represented by water footprint and power of consumption says that the enhance of power of consumption will finally decrease the environmental influence of consumption.

Key words: water footprint, IPAT, IHPACT, sustainable consumption

中图分类号: 

  • X820.3