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冰川冻土 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 979-988.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2017.0311

• 冰冻圈与全球变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

新疆阿勒泰克兰河中游地区冬季积雪分布及特性分析

卓越1,2,3, 肖鹏峰1,2,3, 冯学智1,2,3, 张学良1,2,3, 杨永可1,2,3, 叶李灶1,2,3, 李成蹊1,2,3, 胡瑞1,2,3, 卞国栋1,2,3   

  1. 1. 南京大学 地理与海洋科学学院 地理信息科学系, 江苏 南京 210023;
    2. 南京大学 江苏省地理信息技术重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210023;
    3. 南京大学 卫星测绘技术与应用国家测绘地理信息局重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-05 修回日期:2017-09-12 出版日期:2017-10-25 发布日期:2018-01-27
  • 通讯作者: 肖鹏峰,E-mail:xiaopf@nju.edu.cn E-mail:xiaopf@nju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:卓越(1993-),男,湖北安陆人,2015年毕业于湖北师范大学,现为南京大学在读硕士研究生;从事雪深反演研究.E-mail:zhuoyue_cn@yeah.net
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671344;41401377)资助

Spatial distribution and features of the snow cover during accumulation period in the middle reaches of the Kelan River, Altay region, Xinjiang

ZHUO Yue1,2,3, XIAO Pengfeng1,2,3, FENG Xuezhi1,2,3, ZHANG Xueliang1,2,3, YANG Yongke1,2,3, YE Lizao1,2,3, LI Chengxi1,2,3, BIAN Guodong1,2,3, HU Rui1,2,3   

  1. 1. Department of Geographic Information Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China;
    2. Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science and Technology, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023;
    3. Key Laboratory for Satellite Mapping Technology and Applications of State Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation of China, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2017-04-05 Revised:2017-09-12 Online:2017-10-25 Published:2018-01-27

摘要: 新疆阿勒泰地区是中国季节性积雪水资源最为丰富的地区之一。2016年12月在克兰河中游地区开展了积雪观测,利用直尺和量雪筒测量雪深和雪密度,调查了积雪水资源的分布情况;利用针式温度计测量雪层温度,获取了雪层之间的温度梯度;利用雪特性分析仪和显微镜测量了积雪剖面的雪层密度、液态水含量、介电常数和雪粒径。通过分析研究区积雪水资源的空间分布和积雪特性的垂直分异发现:研究区雪深的分布非常不均匀,北部的雪深总体上大于南部,即使在同一地区,雪深也因风力等原因而分布不均匀;研究区总体上属于"干寒型"积雪,密度较小,且密实化迅速;各雪层属于干雪或者湿度极低的潮雪,绝大多数雪层的液态水含量在0.3%以下;积雪温度总体上从表层到底层逐渐升高,表层温度日变化较大;阴天积雪温度高于晴天,各雪层温度日变化小于晴天,且午后积雪会出现负温度梯度,冷中心出现在积雪次表层;雪粒径较小,雪粒长短轴比的最小值出现在中间层,且符合新雪的粒径特点。

关键词: 克兰河中游, 积雪特性, 积雪观测, 雪深, 积雪温度

Abstract: Altay Prefecture of Xinjiang is one of the regions with abundant seasonal snow water resources in China. The snow properties in the middle reaches of the Kelan River were measured and the spatial and temporal features of them were analyzed. Snow depth and density were measured using snow scales, electronic scale and gauge. Using SnowFork and portable USB-loupe, the snow properties such as permittivity, wetness, density, grain size and temperature were measured in situ. Measurement of snow depth has indicated that the spatial distribution of snow depth in the study area is quite various and the snow depth in north is more than that in south. The water content less than 1% indicate that snow is dry or moist with less liquid water content. The snow density is approximate 0.183 g·cm-3 on December 13 and 0.199 g·cm-3 on December 16, with a fast proceeding of densification. Temperature of snow cover increases generally from surface to bottom and the snow cover often works like a heat insulation layer. Snow temperature at any layers under cloudy is higher than that under sunny, but the diurnal variation of snow cover temperature under cloudy is less than that under sunny. There is lowest temperature in the sub-top of snow after 14:00 under cloudy. The grain size of snow is between fine and coarse, indicating that the snow is fresh.

Key words: middle reaches of the Kelan River, snow properties, measurement of snow cover, snow depth, snow temperature

中图分类号: 

  • P468.0+25