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冰川冻土 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 1022-1028.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2017.0309

• 冰冻圈与全球变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

祁连山老虎沟地区夏季大气颗粒物中水溶性离子的变化特征

张艳阁1,2, 徐建中1, 余光明1,3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院 西北生态环境资源研究院 冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 73000;
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;
    3. 安庆师范大学 资源环境学院, 安徽 安庆 246000
  • 收稿日期:2017-08-14 修回日期:2017-10-08 出版日期:2017-10-25 发布日期:2018-01-27
  • 通讯作者: 徐建中,E-mail:jzxu@lzb.ac.cn E-mail:jzxu@lzb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:张艳阁(1988年),女,河南商丘人,2014年在兰州大学获理学硕士学位,现为中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院在读博士研究生,从事大气化学研究.E-mail:zhangyg11@lzb.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室自主课题项目(SKLCS-ZZ-2016-01)资助

The changing characteristics of soluble ions in PM2.5 in summer over Laohugou region in the Qilian Mountains

ZHANG Yange1,2, XU Jianzhong1, YU Guangming1,3   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Science, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. School of Resources and Environment, Anqing Normal University, Anqing 246000, Anhui, China
  • Received:2017-08-14 Revised:2017-10-08 Online:2017-10-25 Published:2018-01-27

摘要: 为了研究青藏高原东北缘老虎沟地区大气颗粒物中水溶性无机离子组分的变化特征,于2016年7月16日至8月11日共采集13个PM2.5样品和4套粒径分级样品。研究结果显示:非沙尘期间,水溶性离子总质量浓度为2.35 μg·m-3,主要离子SO42-、Ca2+、NH4+和NO3-的浓度分别为1.28、0.33、0.32和0.28 μg·m-3,约占水溶性离子浓度总和的94%;沙尘期间,水溶性无机离子总质量浓度为12.63 μg·m-3,是非沙尘期间浓度的5倍,主要离子SO42-、Ca2+、Cl-、Na+和NO3-的浓度依次为5.36、4.77、0.80、0.62和0.61 μg·m-3,约占水溶性离子浓度总和的96%。分级样品分析结果表明,NO3-主要分布在粗颗粒模态,可能是前体物在粉尘表面发生非均相反应产生。在沙尘时期,SO42-主要为粉尘贡献,集中分布在粗颗粒模态。在非沙尘时期,SO42-在粗颗粒模态和积聚模态都有较多的分布。积聚模态的SO42-主要是通过前体物与NH3发生均相反应产生。据估算,非沙尘时期的二次反应对PM2.5中SO42-的贡献约为80%。

关键词: 青藏高原, 老虎沟地区, 大气细颗粒物, 水溶性离子

Abstract: In order to investigate the characteristics of water-soluble ions in atmospheric particles in northeast margin of the Tibetan Plateau, a field study was carried out at the Qilian Shan Station of Glaciology of Ecologic Environment from 16 July to 11 August, 2016. A total of 13 PM2.5 filter samples and 4 sets of size-segregated aerosol samples had been taken. Results indicated that sum of total water-soluble ions concentrations was 2.35 μg·m-3 in non-dust period, which was slightly higher than the results observed in 2012, with the concentrations of SO42-, Ca2+, NH4+, NO3- being 1.28, 0.33, 0.32, and 0.28 μg·m-3, accounting for 94% of the total water-soluble ions. The sum of total water-soluble ions concentrations was 12.63 μg·m-3 in dust period, which was five times of that in non-dust period, with the concentrations of SO42-, Ca2+, Cl-, Na+, NO3- in this period being 5.36, 4.77, 0.80, 0.62, 0.61 μg·m-3, accounting for 96% of the total water-soluble ions. From the analysis of size-segregated samples, one can see that NO3- was mainly distributed in the coarse mode, probably formed by the heterogeneous reaction of precursors on surface of atmospheric particles. In all periods, SO42- shows an obvious peak in the coarse mode at size bin of 1.8~3.2 μm, mainly from mineral dust and in non-dust period, SO42- also shows a significant peak in the accumulation mode at the size bins of 0.18~0.32 μm or 0.32~0.56 μm, formed from secondary chemical reactions. The estimated contribution of the secondary chemical reactions to SO42- is 80%.

Key words: Tibetan Plateau, Laohugou region, atmospheric aerosols, water-soluble ions

中图分类号: 

  • X513