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冰川冻土 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 205-213.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2018.0024

• 冰冻圈与全球变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

北极斯瓦尔巴、高亚洲和阿尔卑斯山冰川物质平衡对比研究

何海迪1, 李忠勤1,2, 叶万花1, 梁鹏斌1, 牟建新1, 张明军1   

  1. 1. 西北师范大学 地理与环境科学学院, 甘肃 兰州 730070;
    2. 中国科学院 西北生态环境资源研究院 冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室/天山冰川观测试验站, 甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2017-07-29 修回日期:2017-10-26 出版日期:2018-04-25 发布日期:2018-07-02
  • 通讯作者: 李忠勤,E-mail:lizq@lzb.ac.cn E-mail:lizq@lzb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:何海迪(1990-),女,甘肃民勤人,2015年在兰州城市学院获学士学位,现为西北师范大学在读硕士研究生,从事冰川变化研究.E-mail:18298339647@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471058);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(A类)(XDA2006020103)资助

Comparative studies of the glacier mass balance in Svalbard,High Asia and Alps

HE Haidi1, LI Zhongqin1,2, YE Wanhua1, LIANG Pengbin1, MU Jianxin1, ZHANG Mingjun1   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Environment Sciences, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Science/Tianshan Glaciological Station, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2017-07-29 Revised:2017-10-26 Online:2018-04-25 Published:2018-07-02

摘要: 基于冰川物质平衡和平衡线高度数据,对北极斯瓦尔巴、高亚洲和阿尔卑斯山的冰川物质平衡变化和平衡线高度空间分布特征进行了对比分析,得出以下结论:(1)阿尔卑斯山冰川年均负物质平衡值最大,为-907 mm;斯瓦尔巴为-431 mm;高亚洲最小,为-264 mm。(2)高亚洲和斯瓦尔巴冰川物质平衡年振幅较小,年际变化较小;阿尔卑斯山冰川物质平衡年振幅较大,年际变化较大。斯瓦尔巴冰川物质平衡趋向正平衡,阿尔卑斯山和高亚洲冰川物质平衡趋向负平衡。(3)斯瓦尔巴内陆的冰川平衡线高度高于沿海地区,高亚洲冰川平衡线高度呈纬向地带性、经向地带性和区域地带性的分布规律,阿尔卑斯山的冰川平衡线高度主要受冰川所处海拔的影响。

关键词: 斯瓦尔巴, 高亚洲, 阿尔卑斯山, 冰川, 物质平衡, 平衡线高度

Abstract: Based on the data of glacier mass balance and equilibrium line altitude, the characteristics of glacier mass balance change and equilibrium line altitude spatial distribution in Svalbard (Arctic), High Asia and Alps were analyzed. The following conclusions can be drawn:(1) Recently, the glacier mass balance is negative frequently, with the maximum average annual negative mass balance in Alps, reaching to -907 mm, followed by Svalbard, -431 mm, and then in High Asia, reaching to -264 mm. (2) The annual amplitudes of the mass balance in Svalbard and High Asia are relatively low, with small annual variation. The annual changing amplitude of the glacier mass balance in Alps is higher, with large annual variation. The glacier mass balance in Svalbard tends to be positive, and that in High Asia and Alps tend to be negative. (3) The glacier equilibrium line altitude in the interior of Svalbard is higher than that in coast. The glacier equilibrium line altitude in High Asia shows a latitudinal zonality, a longitudinal zonality and a regional zonality. The glacier equilibrium line altitude in Alps is mainly controlled by altitude.

Key words: Svalbard, High Asia, Alps, glacier, mass balance, equilibrium line altitude

中图分类号: 

  • P343.6